In this paper, we provide evidence on how the provision of social infrastructure such as reliable electricity can be leveraged to increase taxation in developing countries, particularly sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). First, using comprehensive data from the latest round of the Afrobarometer survey, we estimate, via the instrumental variable approach, the effect of access and reliability of electricity on tax compliance attitudes of citizens in 36 SSA countries.
Dozens of African countries regularly conduct national and local elections.
Each election picks a winner.
But beyond winners and losers, the quality of each election also shapes how people feel about their political system in general.
Free and fair elections make people want more democracy.
Elections tainted by repression, fraud, or violence have the opposite effect.
So how good are Africa’s elections?
Afrobarometer surveyed more than 53,000 citizens in 36 countries, in every region of Africa.
As part of Afrobarometer's Round 5 surveys in 35 African countries, its partner ABCON PLC Consulting House interviewed 2,400 adult Ethiopians in August 2013. Analysis of the collected data raised significant questions about the comparability of Ethiopia results with those from other surveyed countries, particularly with regard to attitudes toward democracy. These questions are laid out and explored in the working paper below (click 'Download now').
Lived poverty drops across Africa: Ethiopian Broadcast Corporation coverage report
Has poverty decreased or increased in African countries? What might be driving these trends?
Afrobarometer will answer these questions on Friday, 21 January, with the release of new survey findings based on more than 52,700 interviews in 35 African countries. The new continental statistics on poverty will be particularly useful to governments, development partners, and activists for sustainable development, as well as news media.
1. Afrobarometer has collected data on the perceptions and attitudes of African citizens since 1999.
2. Our data are collected from nationally representative samples.
3. All respondents are randomly selected; every adult citizen has an equal chance of being selected.
4. Samples are distributed across urban/rural areas in proportion to their share of the national population.
5. We use face-to-face interviews in the language of the respondent’s choice.
Ethiopia Round 5 questionnnaire
ABCON Plc Consulting House is Afrobarometer’s national partner in Ethiopia.
Operating since 2000, ABCON Plc – Research & Consulting House - has now earned nearly sixteen years of experiences providing consultancy services to a number of governmental and international organizations in development projects financed by the World Bank, USAID, SNV, and EU.