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News release

Ethiopians report worsening economic conditions, increased poverty levels, Afrobarometer survey shows

27 Mar 2024 Ethiopia
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News release
Key findings
  • About two-thirds (65%) of Ethiopians describe the country’s economic condition as “fairly bad” or “very bad,” up from 44% in 2020 (Figure 1).
  • About the same majority (64%) say economic conditions in the country have gotten “worse” or “much worse” over the past year (Figure 2). o About four in 10 (42%) expect things to improve over the next 12 months, while about the same proportion (39%) think they will get worse.
  • Only 38% of citizens describe their personal living conditions as “fairly good” or “very good,” a 13-percentage-point decline since 2020, while 47% say they are bad (Figure 3).
  • Almost nine out of 10 Ethiopians (87%) went without a cash income at least once during the previous year, including 37% who did so “often” or “always” (Figure 4). o One in four often/always went without enough clean water (26%) and medical care (26%), while frequent shortages of food and cooking fuel affected 18% and 11%, respectively.
  • Six in 10 Ethiopians (61%) experienced moderate or high levels of lived poverty during the past year, up from 54% recorded in 2020 (Figure 5). About one-third (34%) experienced low levels of lived poverty, while only 6% did not experience any shortages of basic necessities.

A majority of Ethiopians describe the country’s economic condition as bad, and fewer than  half expect things to get better during the coming year, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows. 

The proportion of citizens who are satisfied with their personal living conditions declined by 13 percentage points compared to 2020, from 51% to 38%.  

More than half of the population experienced moderate or high levels of lived poverty  during the past year, frequently go without a cash income, enough clean water, medical  care, and other basic necessities.