In May – June 2005, a Round 3 Afrobarometer survey was conducted in Botswana. The Afrobarometer team, based at the University of Botswana, conducted face-to-face interviews with a nationally representative, random, stratified probability sample of 1200 Batswana. Interviews were conducted across all 16 of the country’s districts, in either Setswana or English. The sample was drawn by taking the smallest geographic units, census Enumeration Areas (EA’s) and stratifying all EA’s across the country into separate lists according to province, race, and urban/ rural status. 150 EA’s were then randomly selected from these lists with the probability proportionate to its share in the overall population as represented in the 2001 census. This ensures that every adult Motswana had an equal chance of being selected. Eight households were then randomly conducted within each EA, and a respondent 18 years of age or older was randomly selected from each household. A gender quota ensured that every other interview must be with a female. A sample of this size is sufficient to yield an overall margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent.