Comme de nombreux pays du continent africain, Madagascar s’est engagé au début des années 1990 dans un processus de démocratisation. Cette mutation s’inscrit dans un processus plus large à l’échelle du monde, qui a été qualifié de troisième vague de démocratisation. Cependant, le scrutin présidentiel du 16 décembre 2001, qui a plongé le pays dans une crise politique profonde, a remis provisoirement en question ce processus. L’apaisement de la situation depuis lors appelle néanmoins un certain nombre d’interrogations quant aux soubassements sur lesquels repose
According to the 2013 Global Corruption Report by Transparency International (TI), the police are perceived as the most corrupt institution in Africa. Of 36 countries worldwide where police are seen as the most corrupt institution, 20 are in Africa. According to the report, the police are the most often bribed institution, followed by the judiciary; 31% of people who came into contact with the police report having paid a bribe. Bribery rates of the police were 75% or higher in seven countries, including six African countries.
Au Bénin, les efforts du gouvernement dans la lutte contre la corruption au sein de l’administration publique sont décriés et, comparativement au Ghana, au Togo, et à la Côte d’Ivoire, le Bénin gère pire la lutte contre la corruption, selon le plus récent sondage Afrobaromètre.
Les résultats de l’enquête Afrobaromètre montrent que la grande majorité des Burundais pense que les médias jouent pleinement leur rôle de contre-pouvoir, en enquêtant et en publiant sur les erreurs du gouvernement et sur les cas de corruption. Ils sont un peu moins nombreux à penser que la presse joue efficacement son rôle. Il y a un souhait qui se manifeste d’avoir une presse beaucoup plus efficace et plus entreprenante.
Lorsque l’on examine les institutions ciblées dans les différents rounds,aucune institution ne serait à l’abri de la corruption. En effet , au cours des enquêtes conduites sur la période allant de 2002 à 2013, une personne sur trois pense que la corruption serait présente au niveau des
services présidentiels, de l’Assemblée, de la police, des cours et tribunaux, des services des impôts et des domaines. De fait, il apparait que la corruption affecterait plus les services de la police et des impôts que les autres services.
La plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre réalisée au Bénin indique qu’environ huit Béninois sur 10 (79%) désapprouvent la performance du gouvernement dans la lutte contre la corruption au sein de l’administration publique. En effet, la proportion de citoyens qui disent que la performance du gouvernement béninois est « plutôt mal » ou « très mal » dans la lutte contre la corruption au sein de l’administration est passé du simple au double entre 2008 (38%) et 2014 (79%).
Vem aumentando a proporção dos cabo-verdianos que consideram que os níveis de corrupção em Cabo Verde tem-se alastrado seja entre as instituições eleitas, seja entre as não eleitas e nenhuma está imune a esta percepção cada vez mais crítica por parte da população. De acordo com os resultados do último inquérito da Afrobarometer, cerca de metade dos inquiridos afirmam que a corrupção aumentou comparativamente ao ano de 2013, contra 13% que expressaram opinião contrária, ou seja, entendem que diminuiu.
Most Ugandans say corruption increased in the past year, and less than half of them think ordinary citizens can make a difference in the anti-corruption fight, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey.
The proportion of Ugandans who mention corruption as a major problem for government to solve rose from 4% in 2002 to 19% in 2015, but government response continues to be seen as inadequate. A sizeable number report having paid bribes to obtain public services.
Increasing public perceptions of institutional corruption in Uganda appear to be eroding public trust in state institutions, the latest Afrobarometer survey suggests.
Most Ugandans believe corruption increased during the past year, and public trust in Parliament, the courts, and local government decreased between 2012 and 2015. Striking exceptions are trust in the president and the police; public trust in these institutions increased.
The findings at a glance:
- Perceptions of corruption on increase since 2002
- Government anti-corruption efforts seen to be inadequate
- Majority of citizens think there is nothing ordinary people can do to fight corruption
- Institutional trust is on the increase since 2002
Graph: Perceived increase in corruption| 2015
Some of the key findings:
Some key findings from this Policy Paper:
- The latest Afrobarometer survey finds that two-thirds (66%) of Kenyans believe that their national judiciary treats people unequally. Almost nine in 10 (86%) say that ordinary citizens who break the law “never” or “rarely” go unpunished, while only 20% say that this is the case for public officials.
Blog post by Daniel Armah-Attoh
Ghana’s place at the forefront of African democracy and good governance has been called into question by a recent series of corruption scandals. Quite dishearteningly, some public officials have been found defending alleged wrongdoers in media discussion programs, and some whistle-blowers suffered reprisals instead of being protected.
Sometimes you complete a study, release the results, and then … listen to the resounding silence.
Other times your results hit a nerve – and the nerve tries to hit back, attacking everything from your findings to your methodology to the integrity of your intentions.
Then there are occasions – still too rare – when the initial emotional backlash is followed by a willingness to consider the possibility that the voices of everyday citizens might actually be worth hearing and acting on.
Most Zimbabweans express discontent with the overall direction of their country, deteriorating economic conditions, rising corruption, and the performance of their elected leaders – except for President Robert Mugabe.
According to the latest Afrobarometer survey, popular assessments of the country’s direction and of how members of Parliament (MPs) and local government councillors are doing their jobs are considerably more negative than in 2012, but a majority of Zimbabweans continue to approve of the president’s performance.
This dispatch is only available in French.
Transparency International consistently ranks Zimbabwe among the most corrupt countries in the world (156th out of 175 countries in its 2014 Corruption Perceptions Index). In the latest Afrobarometer survey, a majority of adult Zimbabweans say that the level of corruption in the country has increased over the past year. A majority believe that most or all members of the police force are involved in corrupt activities, and a substantial proportion of respondents say they paid bribes to procure identity documents or avoid problems with the police.
The latest Afrobarometer survey shows that a majority of adult Zimbabweans believe the level of corruption in the country has increased over the past year. Coupled with this is the public sentiment by a large majority that the Government is doing poorly in its fight against the corruption scourge. Further, for a variety of reasons including fear of adverse consequences, incidents of corruption are underreported.
A majority of people in 34 African countries condemn their governments' anti-corruption efforts, according to Afrobarometer surveys of more than 51,000 people between October 2011 and June 2013.
The finding is just one conclusion of the Afrobarometer report, "Governments Falter in Fight to Curb Corruption: The people give most a failing grade", released Wednesday, Nov. 13 in Dakar.
Findings from the latest Afrobarometer survey of 34 African countries show a tension between the success of democratic institutions and the opacity of the tax system. The research also shows that a majority of survey participants perceive that officials who commit crimes rarely or never face consequences.
The findings will be published today (11 December, 2013) in the report "Mining, Oil States Open, But Official Impunity High: Few say they can tract tax revenue use."