The paper is based on Amartya Sen’s seminal work Development as Freedom.
Sen describes five requirements that should ideally work together in order to bring true development.
(1) political freedoms,
(2) economic facilities,
(3) social opportunities,
(4) transparency guarantees and
(5) protective security.
WP60: Where is Africa going? Views from below: A compendium of trends in public opinion in 12 African countries, 1999-2006
WP86: Corruption, institutional discredit, and exclusion of the poor: A poverty trap
WP139: Exploiting the poor: Bureaucratic corruption and poverty in Africa