Skip to content
External publication

Democratic backsliding in West Africa: Nature, causes, remedies

Published by the Kofi Annan Foundation
E. Gyimah-Boadi 1 Dec 2021
Download (English)

Originally published on the Kofi Annan Foundation site. 


This paper was commissioned by the Kofi Annan Foundation ahead of the 2021 Kofi Annan Peace and Security Forum. The theme of the Forum is ‘Democracy and Governance in the Context of Complex Crises in West Africa’ and this paper, authored by Professor E. Gyimah-Boadi, provides an overview of democratic trends in West Africa in recent years to inform and provide context for the discussions. This paper delivers a brief history of democratic consolidation in West Africa after the Cold War, assesses and seeks to explain recent backsliding of democratic norms and values, and highlights the democratic peace dividend in West Africa and the link between democracy, human rights, and security.

E. Gyimah-Boadi

Gyimah is the chairman of the board of directors at Afrobarometer