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News release

Ugandans want government action on environmental problems affecting their communities

21 Feb 2023 Uganda
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News release
Key findings
  • Almost six in 10 Ugandans (58%) say pollution is a “somewhat serious” or “very serious” problem in their community (Figure 1).
  • Citizens cite deforestation (48%), trash and plastic disposal (22%), pollution of water sources (11%), and human waste management (10%) as the most important environmental issues in their community (Figure 2).
  • More than eight in 10 respondents (83%) say plastic bags are a major source of pollution in Uganda (Figure 3).
  • If environmental-protection policies threaten jobs and incomes, two-thirds (67%) of Ugandans would still want the government to prioritise the environment rather than jobs (Figure 4).
  • Only four in 10 Ugandans (41%) say the benefits of natural resource extraction outweigh negative impacts such as pollution, while half (51%) see the costs as being higher than the gains (Figure 5).
  • More than eight in 10 (83%) say the government should regulate the natural resource extraction industry more tightly regulated in order to reduce its negative impacts on the environment.

A majority of Ugandans say pollution is a serious problem in their community, the most recent Afrobarometer survey shows

Citizens rate deforestation as the most important environmental issue, followed by trash disposal, and describe plastic bags as a major source of pollution.

Most citizens want more government action to limit pollution and protect the environment, even at the cost of jobs and incomes.

And when it comes to natural resource extraction, a majority of Ugandans say that its costs outweigh its benefits and that tighter regulation of the industry is needed to protect the environment.