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News release

Ugandans rank high in commitment to democracy, but are far less satisfied with how democracy works in their country, study shows

5 Jul 2024 Uganda
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News release
Key findings
  • A majority (54%) of Ugandans indicate full commitment to democracy. Commitment to democracy appears to rise and fall around election years, ranging from a low of 42% in 2015 to 63% in 2012 (Figure 1). o Perceived full supply of democracy is generally lower than commitment to democracy. It declined to 34% in 2022 but has climbed to 43% in 2024.
  • The perception of a full supply of democracy is lower among urban (35%) and educated citizens (36%-38% of those with secondary or post-secondary education), compared to rural (47%) and less educated citizens (47%-53%). But it also decreases as individuals’ level of education rises (Figure 2).
  • Across 39 African countries surveyed in 2021/2023, commitment to democracy varied from 7% in Mali to 69% in Zambia, with Uganda claiming second place with 62% (before declining to 54% in the 2024 survey) (Figure 3).
  • Perceptions of a full supply of democracy ranged from just 5% in Gabon to 74% in Tanzania (Figure 4).

Ugandans rank high among Africans in their commitment to democracy, but fewer than half of  them say they are getting the democracy they want, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows. 

A majority of Ugandans express full commitment to democracy, meaning they prefer  democracy over any other political system and reject dictatorship, one-party rule, and military  rule. Since 2012, this commitment has ranged from 42% to 63%, registering fluctuations around  election years. 

Perceptions of a full supply of democracy – meaning respondents see their country as a  functioning democracy and are satisfied with its workings – have generally been lower, despite  a significant rebound in 2024.