- Across 36 countries in 2014/2015, Africans express more trust in informal institutions such as religious and traditional leaders (72% and 61% respectively) than in the formal executive agencies of the state (on average 54%).
- That said, people find certain executive agencies, such as the national army and the state presidency, to be quite trustworthy (64% and 57% respectively), especially when compared with legislative and electoral institutions (47% and 44% respectively).
- Popular trust in the executive institutions of the state varies considerably across African countries, from more than 80% in Niger and Burundi to less than 40% in Nigeria, Liberia, and São Tomé and Principe.
- Institutional trust is related to perceptions of corruption. If people think that office-holders are honest, they are likely to deem an institution trustworthy – and vice versa if they think officials are self-serving.
- Trustworthy institutions help to achieve the development outcomes that Africans say they want. For every one of the general public’s stated development priorities, trust in the state is associated with positive popular assessments of government performance.
- Thus, socioeconomic development is not a purely technical or engineering exercise. Development outcomes also depend on good governance, which citizens assess partly in terms of whether they find political institutions trustworthy.
The report, titled “Do trustworthy institutions matter for development?” (Afrobarometer Dispatch No.112), is available in English and French at http://globalreleases.afrobarometer.org.
Algeria Benin Botswana Burkina Faso Burundi Cabo Verde Cameroon Côte d'Ivoire Egypt Eswatini Gabon Ghana Guinea Kenya Lesotho Liberia Madagascar Malawi Mali Mauritius Morocco Mozambique Namibia Niger Nigeria São Tomé and Principe Senegal Sierra Leone South Africa Sudan Tanzania Togo Tunisia Uganda Zambia Zimbabwe
World Development Information Day: China’s growing presence in Africa wins positive popular reviews (Afrobarometer findings)
World Health Day: Despite gains, barriers keep health care high on Africans’ priority list (Afrobarometer survey)
Election quality, public trust are central issues as African nations look toward next contests (Afrobarometer findings)