- In Tanzania, women are about as likely as men to have primary, secondary, and post- secondary education. Women are slightly more likely than men to lack formal schooling (13% vs. 9%) (Figure 1).
- When it comes to control over assets, women are considerably less likely than men to claim personal ownership of key household assets, including a mobile phone (70% vs. 83%), a bank account (15% vs. 23%), a motor vehicle (9% vs. 16%), and a computer (3% vs. 7%) (Figure 2).
- When it comes to who makes decisions about how household money is spent, women and men are about equally likely to say they make the decisions themselves or jointly with their spouse (78% vs. 79%). More women than men say that others make the decisions without consulting them (7% vs. 2%) (Figure 3).
- Almost four in 10 Tanzanians (38%) say that men should be given priority over women in hiring when jobs are scarce, while 60% reject this form of gender discrimination (Figure 4).
- Seven in 10 citizens (70%) say women should have the same chance as men to be elected to public office (Figure 5).
Most Tanzanians say the government is doing a good job of promoting equal rights and opportunities for women – but could do more, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.
Survey findings show only small gender gaps in educational attainment and financial decision-making power in the household, but significant disparities remain in control over household assets.
Large majorities of citizens endorse equal rights in employment and political leadership. But while most Tanzanians think that a woman who runs for office will gain standing in the community, many also consider it likely that she will be criticised or harassed.