The August 2016 local government elections in South Africa sent an earthquake through the political class when the African National Congress (ANC) lost power in three major cities of the country. Coalition governments led by the Democratic Alliance (DA) and the Economic Freedom Fighters (EFF) took over the economic powerhouse, Johannesburg; the administrative capital and seat of the Presidency, Pretoria; and the biggest city in the Eastern Cape and the country’s vehicle-manufacturing hub, Nelson Mandela Bay.
Ugandans view social services as the most important problems facing the country and the areas in greatest need of additional government investment, according to citizens’ responses in national Afrobarometer surveys. Yet government budget allocations have not reflected the high priority that citizens assign to these problems. Over the past eight years, budget allocations for health care, education, and water and electricity supply have barely increased, despite observed annual growth in the national expenditure (National Budget Information Library, 2008-2016).
Video in French.
Benin, one of the lowest ranked countries in drinking water issue, benefits from authorities efforts to enhance the access to the precious liquid. But there is still a lot to do, in this country where, according to Afrobarometer, 24% of the population say they suffer from lack or deficiency of drinking water.
For more information read Dispatch No.76
On 30 September 2016, Botswana will mark its 50th year of independence from the United Kingdom, a significant occasion for both celebration and reflection. An important part of this reflection has focused on Botswana’s transition from National Vision 2016, the blueprint that has guided the country’s development for the past two decades, to National Vision 2036, in tandem with the global move from the United Nations’ Millennium Development Goals to Sustainable Development Goals (Ministry of Finance and Development Planning, 2016a).
This paper is only available in French.
Afrobarometer will present survey findings on Citizen Priorities, Poverty, and Access to Infrastructure.
When: February 4, 2016
Where: Ronald Reagan Building 1300 Pennsylvania Avenue (USAID Offices)
- Dr. Carolyn Logan, Michigan State University
- Dr. Michael Bratton, Michigan State University
- Dr. Robert Mattes, University of Cape Town
Afrobarometer Network and the University of Nairobi’s Institute for Development Studies (IDS), will launch the second Africa release of Afrobarometer data on improving infrastructure for growth and livelihoods in Africa. The data will provide insights on availability of electricity grid, piped water, paved/tarred roads, sewerage system and cell phone services. The release event will take place at 10.00 am, on Thursday, January 14, 2016 at the Nairobi Safari Club, Lilian Towers, University Way.
Despite progress over the past decade, the development of infrastructure for electricity, water, sewerage, and roads remains an enormous challenge across Africa, especially in rural areas, new Afrobarometer survey data indicate. In contrast, cell phone service is approaching universal coverage.
Infrastructure is a bedrock for development. As an essential part of a supportive environment for investment and livelihood, adequate infrastructure promotes economic growth, reduces poverty, and improves delivery of health and other services (World Bank, 2014; Wantchekon, 2014).
L’accès à des services de base (eau, électricité, éducation, santé, etc.) conditionne le bien-être de la population. Mais il convient de souligner tout particulièrement le cercle vertueux que l’accès aux services de base est susceptible d’enclencher, ou à l’inverse, la « trappe à pauvreté » dans lequel ceux qui en sont privés pourraient se trouver enfermés. En effet, d’une part, bénéficier de ces services est une fin en soi.
On 25 October 2015, Tanzanians will go to the polls to choose the government that will lead the country for the next five years. Once elected, the new administration will have its party’s election manifesto as the blueprint for delivering results, in addition to existing government policy documents, most prominently Vision 2025 (dating back to 1995), the National Strategy for Growth and Reduction of Poverty (known by its Swahili acronym MKUKUTA), rolling five-year development plans, and the recent Big Results Now (BRN)1 initiative.
Electoral accountability – the notion that citizens use the vote to influence government action – is a central tenet of democratic theory (Downs, 1957; Fearon, 1999). It continues to inform active scholarly and policy debates about the quality of government, including how to devise policies to improve the well-being of poor people in poor countries (Przeworski, Alvarez, Cheibub, & Limongi, 2000; Gerring, Thacker, & Alfaro, 2011). But does democracy work as theorized?
D’après la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre en Côte d’Ivoire, les Ivoiriens estiment que l’éducation et la santé devraient être considérées respectivement comme la première et la seconde des priorités d’investissement du gouvernement. Leur appréciation est identique que ce soit selon le sexe ou selon le lieu de résidence.
Disponibilité, accessibilité et qualité des services publics à Madagascar (FR) [17 December 2013]
The provision of public goods and services is an important aspect of socioeconomic development. Access to basic services such as clean water and sanitation, health care, schooling, and transportation enhances citizens’ well-being. Access to roads and telecommunications systems lowers transaction costs, leading to improvements in trade and economic activities (Xu, 2013).
In 2015, the Republic of South Africa ratified its National Youth Policy 2015-2020 (NYP). One of the policy’s four primary objectives is “to strengthen the capacity of young people to enable them to take charge of their own well-being through building their assets and ultimately realising their potential to the fullest” (Presidency, 2014, p. 12). This is a crucial objective, given that about half of the country’s unemployed workers are youth ages 15-24 years (Statistics South Africa, 2015).
Findings from the latest Afrobarometer survey of 34 African countries suggest that the provision of service infrastructure, though necessary for service delivery, does little to shape ordinary people’s views about government policy performance in specific sectors.
Most Ghanaians are dissatisfied with government’s delivery of public services such as electricity, healthcare, education, water and sanitation, and road maintenance, the latest Afrobarometer survey findings show. The public’s negative assessments have increased significantly over time.
In 2012, Mali faced a dual state breakdown disrupting nearly 20 years of democratization – a coup and a secessionist insurgency. This paper provides the perspectives of rural Malians living on the border of state- and rebel-controlled territory. Our main finding is that villagers defined “the crisis” as one of unmet need for public services and infrastructure. State breakdown matters less where the state is not present in the first place. Rather than the state, villagers were largely reliant on local traditional authorities.
The need for infrastructure improvements is a top-tier economic, political, and social issue in nearly every African country. Although the academic and policy literature is extensive in terms of estimating the impact of infrastructure deficits on economic and social indicators, very few studies have examined citizen demands for infrastructure. In this paper, we draw upon survey data to move beyond top-line estimates of national infrastructure access rates toward a more nuanced understanding of service availability and citizen demands at the regional, national, and sub-national levels.
<p> Findings on evaluations of the economy and national government from the Round 5 (2012) survey in Sierra Leone.</p><p><a href="/sites/default/files/media-briefing/sierra-leone/srl_r5_presentation1.pdf" target="_blank">Download the full document</a></p>
Some essential government services, ranging from piped water to electricity, are the cornerstone of proper living. The ease with which people access services affects their quality of life. Election campaigns usually revolve around promises to give the people easy access to services. People often vote a particular party into government primarily because people hope that the party is more poised than others to provide a set of desired services.