Gender equality is a principle of sustainable development that is globally acknowledged by United Nations and regional agencies, development partners, and national governments. Although the principle is operationalized through policies, legal provisions, and programs in most jurisdictions, implementation and experience vary across regions and countries, and in most cases fall short of the goal. As the United Nations Development Programme notes in its 2016 Africa Human Development Report, “gender equality for African women and girls is still far from satisfactory” (UNDP, 2016).
From a legal perspective, Malawi has made tremendous progress toward eliminating discrimination against women. In addition to passing the Gender Equality Act (2012), the Prevention of Domestic Violence Act (2006), and the Deceased Estates (Wills, Inheritance and Protection) Act (2011), the government has demonstrated its commitment by embracing gender mainstreaming in policy decisions, legislation, and development plans and programs (Kalinde, 2013; Amundsen & Kayuni, 2016; Dulani & Kayuni, 2014).
While Malawians express support for equal rights for women when it comes to owning land and getting a job, gender-based discrimination is not a rare experience, according to a new Afrobarometer survey.
And despite the majority view that women should have the same chance as men to be elected, Malawian women continue to trail their male counterparts in engaging in political activities.
Overall, survey results suggest a need for strategic and better-coordinated efforts to empower women to become active in politics, as the environment seems conducive to their support.
At a glance
- A majority of Malawians say the government has performed well in promoting opportunities and equality for women. But citizens are divided as to whether there has been progress on women’s rights in recent years.
- Strong majorities of Malawians say women should have the same chance as men to be elected to office and the same rights as men to own and inherit land.
Gender equity is a vital issue in Zambia, the focus of many civil-society organisations as well as government efforts to empower women and eliminate gender disparities (Daily Mail, 2015). The government’s 2014 National Gender Policy and 2015 Gender Equity and Equality Act aim to end discrimination against women, including in access to productive resources, educational opportunities, and quality health-care services (Ministry of Gender and Child Development, 2014; National Assembly of Zambia, 2015).
A majority of Kenyans say the country has made progress toward gender equality, but below-average support among men and lagging political engagement among women point toward remaining challenges, according to new Afrobarometer findings released on International Women’s Day.
Popular perceptions that girls and women have a fair chance at education and jobs, that gender violence is never justifiable, and that women should be accorded a fair shot at being elected are in line with perceived progress toward gender equality, the new survey data show.
The Institute for Development Studies (IDS), University of Nairobi and the Pan African research network Afrobarometer, will have a public sharing of Afrobarometer survey results on gender issues in Kenya. The issues for reflection will include: Land inheritance and ownership, women participation in governance and gender based violence, among others. The nation-wide survey is part of the Afrobarometer survey series conducted across 35 countries in Africa.
Equality is a principle enshrined in Zimbabwe’s Constitution and legal system, which seek to guarantee both gender equity and equal treatment for all – regardless of class, religion, or race – before the law. According to Section 3(1) of the Constitution, “recognition of the equality of all human beings” is one of the country’s founding principles.
Les questions liées au genre constituent le cheval de bataille de nombreuses organisations dans le monde. Selon Amartya Sen (2001) de part le monde les femmes sont victimes de nombreuses discriminations.
Si dans certaines régions du Burkina Faso les chefs coutumiers ne diffèrent pratiquement en rien des citoyens ordinaires, ce n’est pas le cas dans d’autres régions. Dans les sociétés à autorités centralisées du Centre, du Nord, et de l’Est, où résident plus de la moitié des Burkinabè, les chefs exercent un pouvoir sociopolitique qu’ils tiennent des ancêtres, qui commande aux sujets obéissance. Bien que cette légitimité traditionnelle soit en érosion en milieu urbain, elle n’en demeure pas moins vivace en milieu rural, où prédomine une culture de soumission aux chefs.
Sur le plan juridique, la Constitution burkinabè consacre en son article 1er l’égalité entre tous les citoyens burkinabè et prohibe les discriminations fondées, entre autres, sur le sexe. Dans la pratique, les femmes et les jeunes filles burkinabè sont confrontées à divers obstacles d’ordre économique et socioculturel, qui les empêchent d’exercer effectivement leurs droits citoyens et de participer pleinement à la gestion des affaires de la cité au même titre que les hommes.
Cet article utilise les données du premier sondage d’Afrobaromètre au Togo pour analyser les sujets sur lesquels les réponses des femmes sont les plus différentes en moyenne de celles des hommes. Cette analyse est d’autant plus importante dans le contexte togolais que les questions de genre se font de plus en plus présentes dans les débats publics, avec récemment des appels dans le sens de l’institutionnalisation de la parité genre en général et plus particulièrement à l’Assemblée Nationale.
Selon la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre au Bénin, sept Béninois sur 10 disent que les violences à l’endroit des femmes ont diminué.
Parmi les femmes qui trouvent que les violences à leur endroit persistent, la majorité se disent disposées à participer à une réunion de la communauté ou à s’unir à d’autres pour aborder un problème.
With 27,834 km² of surface area and a population of 10.5 million, Burundi’s population density is seven times that of Tanzania and second only to Rwanda’s on the African mainland (World Bank, 2014). Its population grows at an annual rate of 2.4%, and more than 90% of the population lives primarily on agriculture.
An overwhelming majority of Zambians say they are opposed to physical violence as a way to discipline women and children, Afrobarometer’s most recent survey reveals. Disapproval of wife battering is so widespread in Zambia that there is little or no difference in views across genders, urban/rural locations, or education levels.
Opposition to corporal punishment of children, both at home and at school, is also the majority view, though less widespread than disapproval of physical discipline of wives.
Africans’ support for women’s equality on the continent is widespread and growing, but the day-to-day reality for many women remains characterized by disadvantage and discrimination. And while most African governments get generally good marks for their performance in empowering women, the battle for equal rights and opportunities for women is far from won especially for women in North Africa.
Namibians express increasing levels of support for women in political leadership, but Namibian women continue to trail men slightly in their interest in public affairs and participation in civic action, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey.
Despite being led by a female president for almost two years, Malawian women are less likely to be involved in political discussions and show less interest in public affairs than their male counterparts, according to a 2014 Afrobarometer survey.
Women in Malawi are also less likely than men to attend a political rally or campaign meeting, to persuade others to vote for a candidate, and to work for a political candidate.
Survey results show a sharp decline in public support for women’s political leadership.
Basotho women still find it hard to attain leadership positions due to discriminatory cultural practices and laws, according to Afrobarometer’s most recent survey. Survey results also suggest women are less active than men in community and political organising.