Elections

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AD61: Elections Burkina Faso: Citizens trust electoral institutions, incumbent leaders

On 29 November 2015, Burkina Faso will conduct its first presidential and parliamentary elections since popular protests in October 2014 ousted long-serving President Blaise Compaoré. Initially planned for mid-October 2015, the elections were delayed by a coup in September, which was overturned amid street demonstrations and diplomatic pressure from the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), the African Union, and the United Nations.

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AD57: Call the police? Across Africa, citizens point to police and government performance issues on crime

Crime and insecurity are major challenges in African countries, threats to both national development and individual quality of life. According to the Legatum Prosperity Index, which assesses countries’ safety and security as part of national wealth and well-being, only 11 African countries rank in the top 100 countries worldwide in safety and security; the top-ranked African country (Benin) is at No. 50 (Legatum Institute, 2014). The U.S government rates crime in most African countries as either critical or high (U.S. Overseas Security Advisory Council, 2015).

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Tanzanians approach competitive election with confidence in freedom to choose

As Tanzanians approach a competitive election for president, a majority of citizens say they trust the National Electoral Commission “a lot” or “somewhat,” and most feel “completely free” to vote for the candidate of their choice, according to new Afrobarometer survey findings.

Despite this confidence, significant proportions of the population voice concerns about the likelihood of a fair vote count, about bribery of voters, and about biased media coverage, and some citizens express fear of election-related intimidation and violence.

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AD52: Tanzanians approach competitive election with confidence in freedom to choose

On 25 October 2015, Tanzania will have its fifth multiparty election since the restoration of the multiparty system in 1992. The incumbent president, Jakaya Kikwete, is ineligible to be elected due to the constitutional limit of two five-year terms for the presidential office. Following a highly contested nomination process, the ruling party, Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM), selected John Magufuli as its presidential nominee, unexpectedly eliminating several heavyweights from the race.

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AD51: Elections Côte d'Ivoire: Citizens mistrust electoral commission, fear political violence

On 25 October 2015, Côte d'Ivoire will conduct its first presidential election since the disputed 2010-2011 contest and civil war. The election pits President Alassane Ouattara against Pascal Affi N’Guessan and other challengers. In recent weeks, several candidates have voiced concerns about electoral institutions and the election environment, and former National Assembly President Mamadou Koulibaly withdrew his candidacy, citing doubts about the fairness of the election.

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Le CNDD-FDD sort favori des intentions de vote

Une majorité de Burundais voteraient pour un candidat présidentiel issue du CNDD-FDD, selon une enquête d’Afrobaromètre menée en septembre et
octobre 2014.

Questionnés sur leur préférence si les élections présidentielles étaient organisées le lendemain de l’entretien, 56% des Burundais ont dit que leur
choix se porterait sur un candidat issu du CNDD-FDD. Cependant, l’expression sur l’appartenance politique se fait avec beaucoup de réticences, car 24% des répondants n’ont pas voulu s’exprimer là-dessus.

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Les Togolais sont en faveur d’une plus grande inclusion politique et économique de leur diaspora

Une grande majorité des Togolais se sont prononcés pour le recensement et le vote aux élections nationales des Togolais de la diaspora : c’est ce que révèle la dernière enquête Afrobaromètre qu’a réalisé le CROP en octobre 2014.

Sur le volet économique et pour neuf Togolais sur 10, le gouvernement devrait mettre en place des mesures incitatives pour encourager et soutenir l’investissement des Togolais vivant à l’étranger. Par ailleurs, Il faut noter que 16% des Togolais déclarent recevoir des subsides d’amis ou de parents vivant à l’étranger.

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La CENI peine à gagner la confiance des Togolais

Alors que le pays s’achemine vers l’élection présidentielle et peut-être vers les élections locales, les résultats de la récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre au Togo indiquent que la Commission Electorale Nationale Indépendante (CENI) peine à gagner la confiance des Togolais, et ce résultat reste identique à celui issu de l’enquête de 2012.

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Les Togolais désirent fortement les élections locales

Selon la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre d’octobre 2014 au Togo, près de huit Togolais sur 10 (77%) ont déclaré être “d’accord” ou “tout à fait d’accord” que les autorités locales comme les maires soient élues. Malgré des variations entre les six régions, l’adhésion des Togolais à cette réforme reste majoritaire.

Pour ce qui est des responsabilités de l’autorité locale, la majorité des Togolais se prononcent pour le maintien de la propreté de la communauté, la protection des cours d’eau et des forêts, la gestion des écoles et la gestion des centres de santé.

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La majorité des Togolais ne se reconnaissent pas dans les ambitions réelles de la classe politique

Plus de deux tiers des Togolais disent que les dirigeants des partis politiques sont plus soucieux de faire avancer leurs propres ambitions politiques que l’intérêt du peuple, selon la plus récente enquête Afrobaromètre.

Cette opinion – bien que variable suivant le milieu de résidence, le sexe, ou l’opinion politique des répondants – reste majoritaire dans toutes les couches.

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Les Ivoiriens dénoncent des intimidations politiques lors du processus électorale et suggèrent des pistes pour une élection présidentielle apaisée en 2015

Un Ivoirien sur trois dit avoir «très peur» d’être victime d’intimidation politique ou de violence lors des campagnes électorales, d’après la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre en Côte d’Ivoire.

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AD49: Guineans confident in their freedom to vote, but not in the fairness of the count

Guineans are heading toward their second competitive presidential election since the end of Gen. Lansana Conté’s 24-year reign in 2010. The election contest pits incumbent President Alpha Condé and his Rally of the Guinean People (RPG) against seven challengers, including opposition leader Cellou Dalein Diallo and his Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea (UFDG). In the 2010 general election, President Condé narrowly won in the second round, 52.52% to Diallo’s 47.48%.

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AD47: Zambians gaining confidence in elections as tools for accountability

As one of the first post-independence countries in Africa to effect leadership change through peaceful and competitive elections, Zambia has a history of multiparty politics dating back to 1991, when the United National Independent Party (UNIP) party was removed from power by the Movement for Multi-party Democracy (MMD). After ruling for 20 years, the MMD lost the elections in 2011, and the Patriotic Front (PF) was ushered into power.

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A majority of Zambians express confidence in the effectiveness of national elections

The percentage of Zambian citizens who believe in the effectiveness of national elections in effecting change has nearly doubled in a space of 10 years. The most recentAfrobarometer survey has revealed that between 2005 and 2014, the percentage of Zambians who expressed confidence in the effectivess of national electionsto bring about changeincreased from 30% in 2005 to 59% in 2014.

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WP159: Does clientelism help Tanzanian MPs establish long-term electoral support?

Tanzanian Members of Parliament (MPs) and political analysts describe the primary roles of MPs with a variety of phrases: benefactors, providers, executors, social workers, saviours, multi-faceted donors, even “walking ATMs". Indeed, in Tanzania, where a majority of citizens are poor and the government lacks resources and capacity to provide sufficient social services, MPs provide various kinds of financial and material assistance to their constituents to support their lives and cultivate their electoral support.

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Ugandans’ views on multipartism

Ugandans support multipartism as a viable political system of governance but many are not satisfied with the way multi-party politics work in Uganda, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

A significant proportion of Ugandans say that competition between political parties often leads to violent conflict, that the opposition political parties and their supporters are often silenced by Government, and many fear becoming victims of political intimidation or violence during election campaigns.

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Media briefing: Disgruntled opposition or disillusioned Democrats: Who is for electoral reforms?

Key findings from the survey:

  • 9 in 10 adult Ugandans prefer to choose leaders through regular, open and honest elections.
  • Over the last decade and a half, support for elections in Uganda has averaged 88%, among the top 10 on the continent.
  • Majority not satisfied with quality of elections
  • Majority demand for electoral reform

Click here to download the full media briefing.

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