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Media briefing: Disgruntled opposition or disillusioned Democrats: Who is for electoral reforms?

Key findings from the survey:

  • 9 in 10 adult Ugandans prefer to choose leaders through regular, open and honest elections.
  • Over the last decade and a half, support for elections in Uganda has averaged 88%, among the top 10 on the continent.
  • Majority not satisfied with quality of elections
  • Majority demand for electoral reform

Click here to download the full media briefing.

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AD40: Zimbabwe seen headed in the wrong direction, but president's leadership approval steady

Most Zimbabweans express discontent with the overall direction of their country, deteriorating economic conditions, rising corruption, and the performance of their elected leaders – except for President Robert Mugabe.

According to the latest Afrobarometer survey, popular assessments of the country’s direction and of how members of Parliament (MPs) and local government councillors are doing their jobs are considerably more negative than in 2012, but a majority of Zimbabweans continue to approve of the president’s performance.

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AD39: Political freedom and interest have yet to translate into Mandela's vision of participatory democracy in Africa

Nelson Mandela International Day (18 July) honours the ideals that underpinned Madiba’s actions – freedom, universal enfranchisement, and participatory democracy. As Mandela once said, “We can change the world and make it a better place. It is in your hands to make a difference.” More than a quarter-century after grass-roots pro-democracy movements began replacing authoritarian regimes in many African countries, and despite marked progress toward democratic governance, many new democracies continue to suffer from a number of democratic deficits.

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WP158: Who’s asking? Interviewer coethnicity effects in African survey data

Face-to-face interviews constitute a social interaction between interviewer and respondent, yet research employing African survey data typically fails to account for the effect of shared ethnicity on survey responses. We find that respondents give systematically different answers to coethnic and non-coethnic interviewers across surveys in 14 African countries, but with significant variation in the degree of bias across question types and countries, with the largest effects for explicitly ethnic questions and in countries where ethnicity is salient.

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Les Béninois expriment un fort attachement à la démocratie, mais décrient sa mise en œuvre actuelle

La plupart des Béninois préfèrent la démocratie et rejettent toute forme de gouvernance non-démocratique, mais la proportion de la population qui se prononcent satisfait de leur démocratie actuelle a baissé de moitié depuis 2008, selon la dernière enquête d’Afrobaromètre. Comparativement aux résultats de 2008, l’insatisfaction quant à la nature de la démocratie qui leur est offerte s’est dupliquée, de 27% à 53% des répondants. Ainsi, alors que la demande de démocratie reste fortement élevée, l’offre a diminué de façon drastique, laissant croire que le Bénin a un déficit de démocratie.

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WP157: Political risks facing African democracies: Evidence from Afrobarometer

Where are African countries headed politically? How resilient are Africa’s governments, regimes, and states? What are the characteristics of political risk? This paper is motivated by a desire to discover whether it is possible to identify early-warning indicators of risk to African political systems. We suggest that Afrobarometer survey data may be used to systematically track trends in mass political support – such as approval for incumbent governments, satisfaction with political regime performance, and the popular legitimacy of state institutions.

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Demand for democracy in Africa rises, supply falls short

Africans’ support for democracy is robust and rising (7 in 10 Africans prefer democracy to other political regimes) but the supply of democracy has not kept pace with demand.

The findings, published today (April 23, 2014) in the report "Demand for Democracy is Rising in Africa, But Most Political Leaders Fail to Deliver” reveal people's dissatisfaction with the political leadership on the workings of democracy in the 34 countries surveyed.

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Zimbabwe: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 1999-2009

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Zimbabwe as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 1999 and 2009 (Oct.-Dec. 1999, N=1200; April-May 2004, N=1104; Oct. 2005, N=1048; May 2009, N=1200). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Tanzania: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2001-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Tanzania as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2001 and 2008 (Feb.-Aug. 2001, N=2198; July-Aug. 2003, N=1223; July-Aug. 2005, N=1304; June-July 2008, N=1208). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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Mixed views on democracy, accountability ahead of Nigeria's elections

As Nigerians prepare to vote in the 2015 general elections, Afrobarometer survey findings show that support for democracy remains the majority view, though weaker than two years ago and tempered by high levels of dissatisfaction and low approval ratings for elected officials.

More than half (57%) of citizens say Nigeria is a democracy “with major problems” or not a democracy at all.

Elected officials at all levels, including the president and members of the National Assembly, receive weak approval ratings and are perceived by a majority of citizens as corrupt.

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Nigeria: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2000-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Nigeria as revealed over the course of six Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2000 and 2008 (Jan.-Feb. 2000, N=3603; Aug.-Sep. 2001, N=2210; Oct. 2003, N=2428; Aug.-Dec. 2005, N=2363; Jan.-Feb. 2007, N=2410; May 2008, N=2408). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 2 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

  • The meaning of democracy;
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Zambians disapprove of non-democratic means of governance

A majority of Zambians do not approve of non-democratic means of governance, according to the most recent Afrobarometer survey.

Results from the survey, which was conducted in October 2014, shows that most Zambians disapprove of undemocratic alternatives such as one-party rule and one-man rule.

The data is being released in view of the recent (January 2015) presidential elections that showed regional polarisation in voting patterns which have the potential to slow down the democratic process. It demonstrates that Zambians, in general, have faith in Zambia’s democracy.

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Zambia: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 1999-2009

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Zambia as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 1999 and 2009 (Oct.-Nov. 1999, N=1198; May-June 2003, N=1198; July-Aug. 2005, N=1200; June 2009, N=1200). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Uganda: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2000-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Uganda as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2000 and 2008. Data for the first round were collected from May to June of 2000 (n=2271). The second round of data were collected from August to September of 2002 (n=2400). Data for round three were collected from April to May of 2005 (n=2400). The final round of data were collected from July to September of 2008 (n=2431).

The following variables capture perceptions of:

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Senegal: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2002-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Senegal as revealed over the course of three Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2002 and 2008 (Nov.-Dec. 2002, N=1200; Sep.-Oct. 2005, N=1200; May-June 2008, N=1200). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

  • The meaning of democracy;
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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Mozambique: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2002-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Mozambique as revealed over the course of three Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2002 and 2008 (Aug. 2002, N=1400; June 2005, N=1198; Dec. 2008, N=1200). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Mali: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2001-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Mali as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2001 and 2008 (Jan.-Feb. 2001, N=2089; Oct.-Nov. 2002, N=1283; June-July 2005, N=1244; Dec. 2008, N=1480). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent.

The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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