Guineans are heading toward their second competitive presidential election since the end of Gen. Lansana Conté’s 24-year reign in 2010. The election contest pits incumbent President Alpha Condé and his Rally of the Guinean People (RPG) against seven challengers, including opposition leader Cellou Dalein Diallo and his Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea (UFDG). In the 2010 general election, President Condé narrowly won in the second round, 52.52% to Diallo’s 47.48%.
Findings from the latest Afrobarometer survey, conducted in March 2015, suggest that the political polarisation revealed in the previous election has persisted. While Guineans overwhelmingly agree that regular and competitive elections are the best way to choose their leaders, they are divided in their views regarding the direction of the country, the fairness and security of the election environment, and trust in the electoral commission. They are split as to the likely reliability of the vote count, a central issue in deadly protests in the wake of legislative elections in 2013.
Despite these concerns, a large majority of Guineans say they feel “completely free” to vote as they choose.
Graph: Overall direction of the country | 2015
As Guinea, which ratified the African Charter on Democracy, Elections and Governance in 2011, approaches its second multiparty presidential election, these findings provide a window on how citizens think their government is delivering on its commitment to conduct secure, high-quality, and competitive elections.