Les élections

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AD61: Les Burkinabè s'acheminent avec confiance vers les élections présidentielles et législatives

Le 29 novembre 2015, le Burkina Faso tiendra ses premières élections présidentielles et législatives depuis que les protestations populaires d’octobre 2014 ont évincé du pouvoir l’inamovible Président Blaise Compaoré. Initialement prévues pour la mi-octobre 2015, les élections ont été retardées par un coup d'état en septembre, qui a été mis en échec par des manifestations de rue et des pressions diplomatiques de la Communauté Economique des Etats de l'Afrique de l'Ouest (CEDEAO), l'Union Africaine, et l'Organisation des Nations Unies.

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Elections en Côte d’Ivoire: Méfiance de la CEI, peur de violence sont parmi les préoccupations des citoyens

A la veille des premières élections présidentielles depuis la crise de 2010-2011 en Côte d'Ivoire, de nombreux Ivoiriens se méfient de la Commission Electorale Indépendante (CEI) et sont préoccupés par l'équité et la sécurité de l'environnement électorale, d’après la dernière enquête Afrobaromètre.

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PP15: Who says elections in Ghana are ‘free and fair’?

Since 2000, elections in Ghana have been lauded by observers both internally and externally as being “free and fair.” The losing political party, however, has consistently contested the election results. After the 2004 presidential election, three key opposition National Democratic Congress (NDC) members challenged the results announced by the Electoral Commission (EC), suing the EC to publish detailed data from the election.

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AD1: Malawi’s 2014 Elections: Amid concerns about fairness, outcome is too close to call

Malawians will go to the polls on 20 May 2014 to select their next leaders. In an Afrobarometer poll conducted 6 to 8 weeks before the election, Malawians express strong
confidence in their ability to vote as they choose, but also concerns about the freeness and fairness of the overall process, especially the vote count. Given uncertainty about registration and turnout levels among Malawian youth, as well as the significant number of respondents who did not reveal a vote choice, the election remains too close to call.

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AD11: Nigeria heads for closest election on record

Nigerians will go to the polls on 14 February to elect their president and national legislators to four-year terms, followed two weeks later by elections for many governors and state assemblies. The presidential election will be Nigeria’s fifth since the return to democracy in 1999. In an Afrobarometer survey conducted two months before the elections, we find a highly competitive political field, with much uncertainty about the prospects for credible and peaceful polls and about the outcome of the elections.

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Batswana decry self-interest of politicians but continue to support the ruling party

If elections were held in June or July 2014, the majority of Batswana would have voted for the Botswana Democratic Party (BDP). The Botswana Congress Party (BCP) would consolidate its position as the strongest opposition party. The coalition of opposition parties, the Umbrella for
Democratic Change (UDC) would have won 13%. The coalition consists of the Botswana Movement for Democracy (which broke away from the ruling party), the Botswana National Front and the Botswana People's Party.

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Mauritians support proportional representation, split on other reforms

Mauritians favour a proportional representation system for National Assembly elections but remain divided regarding two other proposed reforms – introducing an elected president with greater executive powers and eliminating National Assembly representation based on ethnic and religious affiliation, a new Afrobarometer survey reveals.

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Voting and Democratic Citizenship in Africa

How do individual Africans view competitive elections? How do they behave at election time? What are the implications of new forms of popular participation for citizenship and democracy? Drawing on a decade of research from the cross-national Afrobarometer project, the authors of this seminal collection explore the emerging role of mass politics in Africa's fledgling democracies.

Purchase the book from Lynne Rienner Publishers

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Amid political upheaval, Basotho support democratic process, reject military rule; trust in political institutions remains low

Basotho overwhelmingly support democratic elections and reject military and strongman rule, according to a new Afrobarometer study.

The survey, conducted at a time of mounting political tensions leading to the dissolution of Parliament, sheds light on citizen views on democracy and trust in political institutions, among other issues.

The Afrobarometer Round 6 public opinion survey interviewed 1,200 Basotho in May 2014. The nationally representative sample yields a +/- 3% margin of error with a 95% confidence level.

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Afrobarometer statement on Malawi Round 6 survey

Afrobarometer conducted a Round 6 survey from 23 March to 7 April 2014 on Malawian opinions and attitudes about democracy and governance as well as their views on economic and social development. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with a nationally representative sample
of 2400 Malawian citizens from all regions of the country. The survey included questions on citizen evaluations of the election environment, as well as their voting intentions.

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Electoral Continuity Expected in 2014: SWAPO dominates, but opposition parties survive and tolerance may be increasing

The SWAPO Party of Namibia continues to dominate the political scene in Namibia, with strong advantages in public trust and voter preference, but public tolerance of opposition parties may also be on the increase, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey. The opposition parties continue to survive and scramble for the minor places, with the DTA of Namibia and the Rally for Democracy and Progress in a close race for a distant second place behind the ruling SWAPO.

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Mixed views on democracy, accountability ahead of Nigeria's elections

As Nigerians prepare to vote in the 2015 general elections, Afrobarometer survey findings show that support for democracy remains the majority view, though weaker than two years ago and tempered by high levels of dissatisfaction and low approval ratings for elected officials.

More than half (57%) of citizens say Nigeria is a democracy “with major problems” or not a democracy at all.

Elected officials at all levels, including the president and members of the National Assembly, receive weak approval ratings and are perceived by a majority of citizens as corrupt.

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Nigeria heads for closest election on record, survey shows

As Nigerians prepare to vote in the 2015 general elections, Afrobarometer survey findings show that support for democracy remains the majority view, though weaker than two years ago and tempered by high levels of dissatisfaction and low approval ratings for elected officials.

More than half (57%) of citizens say Nigeria is a democracy “with major problems” or not a democracy at all.

Elected officials at all levels, including the president and members of the National Assembly, receive weak approval ratings and are perceived by a majority of citizens as corrupt.

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PP25: MDC-T defeat in Zimbabwe: Was it only due to intimidation?

In the relatively peaceful harmonized elections of July 2013, Zimbabwe’s President Robert Mugabe overwhelmingly defeated challenger Morgan Tsvangirai, 61% to 34%. Mugabe’s party, the Zimbabwe African National Union–Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF), also won 158 of the country’s 210 parliamentary seats, giving it more than a two-thirds majority in the lower House of Assembly, as well as a large majority of local council seats.

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Media briefing: Disgruntled opposition or disillusioned Democrats: Who is for electoral reforms?

Key findings from the survey:

  • 9 in 10 adult Ugandans prefer to choose leaders through regular, open and honest elections.
  • Over the last decade and a half, support for elections in Uganda has averaged 88%, among the top 10 on the continent.
  • Majority not satisfied with quality of elections
  • Majority demand for electoral reform

Click here to download the full media briefing.

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Election en Guinée: Les citoyens se sentent libres de choisir, mais inquiets à propos du décompte des voix

A la veille de leur deuxième élection présidentielle compétitive, les Guinéens se sentent libre de voter pour le candidat de leur choix, mais ils s’inquiètent à propos de l’environnement électoral et la fiabilité probable du décompte des voix, selon les résultats d’une nouvelle enquête Afrobaromètre.

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AD49: Election en Guinée: Les citoyens se sentent libres de choisir, mais inquiets à propos du décompte des voix

Les Guinéens se dirigent vers leur deuxième élection compétitive depuis la fin de 24 ans de règne du Général Lansana Conté en 2010. L’élection oppose le Président Alpha Condé et son parti, le Rassemblement du Peuple de Guinée (RPG), à Cellou Dalein Diallo de l’Union des Forces Démocratiques de Guinée (UFDG) et six autres candidats. Lors de l'élection générale de 2010, le Président Condé a remporté de justesse au second tour, 52,52% à 47,48% de Diallo.

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