Les élections

Subscribe to RSS - Les élections
Icon: 
French

Facing election test, Kenya can look to popular support for the rule of law, survey shows

Popular support for the rule of law is one of Kenya’s strengths as it confronts an electoral crisis in the wake of the annulled presidential contest of August 8, Afrobarometer survey findings suggest.

Based on a national survey conducted last October, more Kenyans trust the courts than the Independent Electoral and Boundaries Commission, and fully three-quarters of citizens expect the president to obey the courts even if he thinks they’re wrong.

French

AD140: L'assombrissement des perspectives économiques et démocratiques des Algériens précède les manifestations anti-austérité

Six ans après la vague des manifestations du Printemps Arabe en Afrique du Nord, l'Algérie a débuté 2017 avec des mouvements d'agitation dans la rue. Comme beaucoup d'autres économies tributaires du pétrole, l'Algérie s'appuie fortement sur les dépenses de l'état et les subventions publiques. Mais ces dernières années, la chute spectaculaire des prix des hydrocarbures et du gaz a durement affecté l'économie.

French

WP170: Public trust in elections: The role of media freedom and election management autonomy

UNIQUEMENT DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS.

As multiparty elections have become a global norm, scholars and policy experts regard public trust in elections as vital for regime legitimacy. However, very few cross-national studies have examined the consequences of electoral manipulation, including the manipulation of election administration and the media, on citizens’ trust in elections.

French

Elections en Afrique sont elles bonnes: Vidéo Afrobaromètre

Des douzaines de pays africains organisent régulièrement des élections nationales et locales.

Chaque élection conduit à la victoire d'un gagnant.

Mais au-delà des gagnants et des perdants, la qualité de chaque élection a également un impact sur ce que les gens pensent de leur système politique en général.

Des élections libres et transparentes poussent les gens à désirer davantage la démocratie.

French

Kenya: Improving democracy in spite of political rhetoric

At a glance

  • Democratic preferences: A majority of Kenyans prefer democratic, accountable governance in which:
    • Leaders are elected in free and fair elections.
    • Political parties compete in an open field.
    • The president is accountable to the people and Parliament.
  • Democracy improving: Compared to 2014, more Kenyans consider their country a democracy and are satisfied with the way it is working.
French

WP168: Mesurer la démocratie en Afrique par l’approche de l’anchorage

Alors que les recherches sur les attitudes populaires envers la démocratie reposent souvent sur les autoévaluations subjectives pour évaluer le niveau de démocratie atteint par un pays, diverses compréhensions populaires du terme « démocratie » rendent problématique toute comparaison entre répondants, pays, ou continents. Une des voies empruntées pour essayer de résoudre ce manque de compréhension universelle est l’« anchorage » des autoévaluations avec un ensemble de vignettes décrivant les conditions politiques de pays fictifs.

French

AD119: La voix du peuple? Résultats des élections et opinions publiques au Gabon

UNIQUEMENT DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS.

Selon la Commission Electorale Nationale Autonome et Permanente (CENAP) et une décision de la Cour Constitutionnelle du Gabon, le Président Ali Bongo a été réélu en août par une infime marge reposant, entre autre, sur un soutien et un taux de participation extraordinaire dans la province natale du président, le Haut-Ogooué.1 Les résultats proclamés ont suscité des manifestations mortelles et continuent à être largement mis en doute par l’opposant principal Jean Ping et les observateurs de l’Union Européenne.

French

PP35: La gestion des élections en Afrique: Qualité des processus, confiance publique sont des questions centrales

Rien n’éveille les énergies, inquiétudes, espoirs, et frustrations relatives à la démocratie autant qu’une élection. La qualité d'une élection peut faire toute la différence entre un feu de cuisson et une explosion.

Si une élection réussie peut calmer et rassembler une nation (Namibie 2015, par exemple), une élection aux résultats contestés peut la diviser (Burundi 2015, Côte d'Ivoire 2010, et Kenya 2008).

French

La qualité des élections et la confiance publique sont des questions centrales pour les Africains qui s’acheminent vers les prochaines joutes électorales (Afrobaromètre)

D’après un nouveau rapport d’Afrobaromètre, seulement la moitié des Africains font confiance à leurs commissions électorales nationales, et beaucoup craignent des actes de violence et des pratiques frauduleuses lors des campagnes électorales.

French

Derrière le conflit de l'élection du Gabon, les citoyens soutiennent fermement la démocratie multipartite, rejettent les alternatives autocratiques

Derrière l'éruption du Gabon en conflit post -électoral, ses citoyens sont parmi les plus forts en Afrique dans leur soutien à la démocratie multipartite et leur rejet d'alternatives nondémocratiques, selon une nouvelle analyse Afrobaromètre.

Parmi 36 pays africains enquêtés en 2014/2015, le Gabon se classe presqu’au sommet des pays soutenant la concurrence multipartite et des limitations aux mandats présidentiels, ainsi que dans la désapprobation des régimes du parti unique et de « l’homme fort », selon les réponses des citoyens recueillies en septembre et octobre 2015.

French

Au Gabon, l’écrasante méfiance du public vis-à-vis de la CENAP et de la qualité des élections en toile de fond de la contestation électoral

Le conflit autour de l'élection présidentielle du Gabon joue sur un fond de méfiance écrasante du public vis-à-vis de la Commission Electorale Nationale Autonome et Permanente (CENAP) et des évaluations étonnamment négatives de l'environnement électoral du pays avant le vote d’août 2016, selon une nouvelle analyse d’Afrobaromètre.
Parmi 36 pays africains enquêtés en 2014/2015, le Gabon se classe en fond ou presque sur chaque indicateur de la qualité des élections, selon les réponses des citoyens recueillies en septembre et octobre 2015.

French

AD89: As South Africa’s local elections approach, public confidence underpins system in turmoil

UNIQUEMENT DISPONIBLE EN ANGLAIS.

South Africa’s fourth democratic local government elections, in August 2016, will be a test for the long-ruling but troubled African National Congress (ANC), for opposition parties hoping to claim some major cities, for an Independent Electoral Commission (IEC) caught between court orders and logistical realities, and for local government councillors facing their constituents.

French

BP75: A country turning blue?: Political party support and the end of regionalism in Malawi

This bulletin draws on data collected in four Afrobarometer surveys of public attitudes to examine trends in party support in Malawi over the course of the last decade, looking especially at the extent of regionalism in Malawian party politics.  How regionally diverse are the support bases of each of Malawi’s leading political parties?

French

BP76: Proportional representation and popular assessments of MP performance in South Africa: A desire for electoral reform?

This policy brief examines public attitudes towards MPs, and indirectly towards the electoral system in South Africa in 2008. The Afrobarometer survey did not ask directly whether people wanted electoral reform, including constituency-based selection of MPs.  But it did ask a range of questions about the accessibility of MPs, satisfaction with their performance, and accountability relationships.  These help us to get an overall sense of the level of satisfaction – or dissatisfaction – with the current system and how it is functioning.  

French

BP103: Voting intentions in Zimbabwe: A margin of terror?

Intermittently over the past decade, researchers have taken the political pulse of the general public in Zimbabwe. Public opinion surveys provide information on what ordinary citizens are thinking about the issues of the day. Among the most anticipated survey results are the expressed party preferences and voting intentions. At any given time, Zimbabweans are understandably eager to know how their fellow citizens would vote “if an election were held tomorrow.”  This briefing paper offers an alternative account of current voting intentions in Zimbabwe.

French

BP97: Zimbabwe: The evolving public mood

At the end of 2010, Zimbabwean citizens remained broadly supportive of power sharing as an antidote to political crisis.  But they were increasingly critical of the halting performance of their country’s coalition government.  Most people also perceived declining civil liberties and feared resurgent political violence.  Yet clear majorities called for constitutional reforms to limit the powers of the presidency and seemingly even for free elections in 2011 to return the country to legitimate rule.  

French

BP83: Zimbabwe: People's development agenda in 2009

For many Zimbabweans, life in the last few years has been nasty, brutish and sometimes short, but there is now a flicker of light at the end of a dark and long tunnel. Things started really falling apart in 2008 with the unprecedented cholera outbreak that claimed more than 4 000 lives and infected over 100 000 others. Zimbabwe stood at the edge of a precipice with health centres and schools closed, shops displaying empty shelves, acute shortages of food and other basic essentials, and rampant politically-motivated violence and human rights violations.

French

BP88: Namibia political party prospects leading to the 2009 elections

The structure of government and opposition in Namibia as a dominant party system became solidified after independence in 1990 (Du Pisani and Lindeke, IPPR 2009).  But, over the past year a number of new political parties have been formed to challenge the established ruling party, SWAPO Party of Namibia, as it has been officially called since independence.  These new parties are also challenging the existing opposition parties in Namibia.

French

BP48: Ethnicity and violence in the 2007 elections in Kenya

The recent Kenyan elections have given rise to violent confrontations between ethnic communities. During the first half of December, in the run up to the elections, the University of Oxford, in collaboration with researchers from the Michigan State University and the University of Connecticut, conducted a detailed survey of voter intentions, attitudes towards violence, corruption, performance of leaders, political party preferences, ethnicity and socio-economic characteristics.

French

BP35: Term limits, the presidency, and the electoral system: What do Nigerians want?

The controversy over presidential term limits is at the center of public discussion in Nigeria. The most recent national opinion survey by the Afrobarometer  finds strong support among the Nigerian public for term limits, free elections, competitive politics, and constitutional government. This survey shows widespread popular disapproval for an indefinite tenure of the chief Executive, and firm support for the present constitutional limit of two terms for elected officials.

French

WP84: Quality of elections, satisfaction with democracy, and political trust in Africa

Elections are a means for realising some of the core values of democracy, especially participation of the citizenry, which helps to ensure quality governance and accountability on the part of elected officials. The quality of elections therefore provides an indicator of the extent to which democratic governance has been consolidated. The analyses in this paper indicate a significant relationship between citizens’ evaluation of the quality of their national elections and (1) satisfaction with democracy, and (2) trust in political institutions.

French

BP125: Examining the relevance of political parties in Malawi

This briefing paper examines the relevance of political parties in Malawi’s democracy. Beyond the functionalist assumption that existence suggests some positive contribution of an organ to the whole, this paper looks at social operational pre-requisites that justify the relevance and existence of political parties. Specifically the paper focuses on the linkage role of political parties.

French

BP152: Democratization in Kenya: Public dissatisfied with the benefit-less transition

Africa’s transition to multiparty democracy has often been accompanied by a re-institutionalization of autocratic regimes and authoritarianism. This tension between the forces of progress and regression has become an enduring feature of Africa’s electoral and democratic transitions, a contradiction of more frequent elections and the consolidation of multipartyism accompanied by a reversal of democratic gains and the institutionalization of violence during elections. Elections and democracy have not always correlated strongly.

French

BP9: Democracy and electoral alternation: Evolving African attitudes

Almost 15 years have passed since waves of democratization began to crash on African shores. Transitions to multiparty rule were often greeted with mass public celebration.  But how long does any such political enthusiasm last?   Are Africans’ expressed commitments to democracy  enduring or ephemeral?

This paper argues that democratic commitments are not fixed. They tend to decline with the passage of time.  But, more reassuringly, democratic commitments can be refreshed by an electoral alternation of power.

French

Les Burkinabè s'acheminent avec confiance vers les élections

A la veille des premières élections présidentielles et législatives depuis que les protestations populaires d’octobre 2014 ont évincé du pouvoir l’ancien Président Blaise Compaoré, les résultats d'une enquête Afrobaromètre en avril-mai 2015 présente des signes encourageants d'un large soutien du public en faveur du processus démocratique en cours dans le pays.

French

Pages