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Amid political upheaval, Basotho support democratic process, reject military rule; trust in political institutions remains low

Basotho overwhelmingly support democratic elections and reject military and strongman rule, according to a new Afrobarometer study.

The survey, conducted at a time of mounting political tensions leading to the dissolution of Parliament, sheds light on citizen views on democracy and trust in political institutions, among other issues.

The Afrobarometer Round 6 public opinion survey interviewed 1,200 Basotho in May 2014. The nationally representative sample yields a +/- 3% margin of error with a 95% confidence level.

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Namibia: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 1999-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Nambia as revealed over the course of five Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 1999 and 2008 (Sept.-Oct. 1999, N=1183; March-June 2002, N=1200; Aug.-Sept. 2003, N=1199; Feb.- Mar. 2006, N=1200; Oct.-Dec. 2008, N=1200). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3
percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Madagascar: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2005-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Madagascar as revealed over the course of two Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2005 and 2008 (May-June 2005, N=1350; June-July 2008, N=1350). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Mozambique: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2002-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Mozambique as revealed over the course of three Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2002 and 2008 (Aug. 2002, N=1400; June 2005, N=1198; Dec. 2008, N=1200). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Senegal: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2002-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Senegal as revealed over the course of three Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2002 and 2008 (Nov.-Dec. 2002, N=1200; Sep.-Oct. 2005, N=1200; May-June 2008, N=1200). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

  • The meaning of democracy;
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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Mali: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2001-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Mali as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2001 and 2008 (Jan.-Feb. 2001, N=2089; Oct.-Nov. 2002, N=1283; June-July 2005, N=1244; Dec. 2008, N=1480). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent.

The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Zambia: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 1999-2009

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Zambia as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 1999 and 2009 (Oct.-Nov. 1999, N=1198; May-June 2003, N=1198; July-Aug. 2005, N=1200; June 2009, N=1200). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Uganda: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2000-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Uganda as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2000 and 2008. Data for the first round were collected from May to June of 2000 (n=2271). The second round of data were collected from August to September of 2002 (n=2400). Data for round three were collected from April to May of 2005 (n=2400). The final round of data were collected from July to September of 2008 (n=2431).

The following variables capture perceptions of:

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Zambians disapprove of non-democratic means of governance

A majority of Zambians do not approve of non-democratic means of governance, according to the most recent Afrobarometer survey.

Results from the survey, which was conducted in October 2014, shows that most Zambians disapprove of undemocratic alternatives such as one-party rule and one-man rule.

The data is being released in view of the recent (January 2015) presidential elections that showed regional polarisation in voting patterns which have the potential to slow down the democratic process. It demonstrates that Zambians, in general, have faith in Zambia’s democracy.

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Nigeria: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2000-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Nigeria as revealed over the course of six Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2000 and 2008 (Jan.-Feb. 2000, N=3603; Aug.-Sep. 2001, N=2210; Oct. 2003, N=2428; Aug.-Dec. 2005, N=2363; Jan.-Feb. 2007, N=2410; May 2008, N=2408). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 2 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

  • The meaning of democracy;
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Mixed views on democracy, accountability ahead of Nigeria's elections

As Nigerians prepare to vote in the 2015 general elections, Afrobarometer survey findings show that support for democracy remains the majority view, though weaker than two years ago and tempered by high levels of dissatisfaction and low approval ratings for elected officials.

More than half (57%) of citizens say Nigeria is a democracy “with major problems” or not a democracy at all.

Elected officials at all levels, including the president and members of the National Assembly, receive weak approval ratings and are perceived by a majority of citizens as corrupt.

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Tanzania: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2001-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Tanzania as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2001 and 2008 (Feb.-Aug. 2001, N=2198; July-Aug. 2003, N=1223; July-Aug. 2005, N=1304; June-July 2008, N=1208). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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Popular attitudes toward democracy in Zimbabwe: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 1999-2009

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Zimbabwe as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 1999 and 2009 (Oct.-Dec. 1999, N=1200; April-May 2004, N=1104; Oct. 2005, N=1048; May 2009, N=1200). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent. The charts that follow capture perceptions of:

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AD39: Political freedom and interest have yet to translate into Mandela's vision of participatory democracy in Africa

Nelson Mandela International Day (18 July) honours the ideals that underpinned Madiba’s actions – freedom, universal enfranchisement, and participatory democracy. As Mandela once said, “We can change the world and make it a better place. It is in your hands to make a difference.” More than a quarter-century after grass-roots pro-democracy movements began replacing authoritarian regimes in many African countries, and despite marked progress toward democratic governance, many new democracies continue to suffer from a number of democratic deficits.

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AD40: Zimbabwe seen headed in the wrong direction, but president's leadership approval steady

Most Zimbabweans express discontent with the overall direction of their country, deteriorating economic conditions, rising corruption, and the performance of their elected leaders – except for President Robert Mugabe.

According to the latest Afrobarometer survey, popular assessments of the country’s direction and of how members of Parliament (MPs) and local government councillors are doing their jobs are considerably more negative than in 2012, but a majority of Zimbabweans continue to approve of the president’s performance.

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Media briefing: Disgruntled opposition or disillusioned Democrats: Who is for electoral reforms?

Key findings from the survey:

  • 9 in 10 adult Ugandans prefer to choose leaders through regular, open and honest elections.
  • Over the last decade and a half, support for elections in Uganda has averaged 88%, among the top 10 on the continent.
  • Majority not satisfied with quality of elections
  • Majority demand for electoral reform

Click here to download the full media briefing.

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Ugandans’ views on multipartism

Ugandans support multipartism as a viable political system of governance but many are not satisfied with the way multi-party politics work in Uganda, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.

A significant proportion of Ugandans say that competition between political parties often leads to violent conflict, that the opposition political parties and their supporters are often silenced by Government, and many fear becoming victims of political intimidation or violence during election campaigns.

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WP160: The effect of exposure to political institutions and economic events on demand for democracy in Africa

In a democratic political regime, politicians and ordinary citizens must accept elections as the legitimate means of choosing who will govern. Losers must patiently wait until the next election to have an opportunity to elect a leader according to their preferences, and winners must restrain themselves from changing the rules to increase their power.

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