L’accès aux ressources minières et énergétiques offre un avantage comparatif important pour le développement socioéconomique. Plusieurs pays se sont installés durablement sur le sentier de la croissance économique en exploitant à bon escient les ressources de leurs sous-sol.
Depuis 2014, le Gabon traverse une conjoncture économique défavorable compte tenu de la baisse continue du prix du pétrole, qui fournit l’essentiel de ses recettes.
Lesotho's economy predominantly relies on subsistence farming.In recognition of this, political campaigns for the recent May 2012 general elections emphasized food security through empowering the farmers. Lesotho’s gross domestic product (GDP) in 2008 was 9.1 billion maloti, with an annual growth rate of 4.4% according to the Bureau of Statistics. Since 1994, the levels of unemployment in Lesotho have been fluctuating, but have remained above 20%. This suggests that at least one in five Basotho are unemployed and in search of jobs.
This briefing paper focuses on unemployment in Zambia. Drawing on official statistics and data from the latest Afrobarometer survey (2013), the paper begins by clarifying the concept of unemployment in as far as it is used in Zambia. It then presents the official status of unemployment as measured by the Labor Force Survey. This metric of unemployment is contrasted with perceptions of Zambians on their employment status measured by the Afrobarometer survey.
Swaziland was excluded from the United States Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) at the beginning of 2015 and there are expectations that this will have an adverse impact on the economy and employment. Also the continued unpredictability of the revenue derived from the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) continues to be a major challenge for the government and its ability to address some of these issues.
In 2015, the Republic of South Africa ratified its National Youth Policy 2015-2020 (NYP). One of the policy’s four primary objectives is “to strengthen the capacity of young people to enable them to take charge of their own well-being through building their assets and ultimately realising their potential to the fullest” (Presidency, 2014, p. 12). This is a crucial objective, given that about half of the country’s unemployed workers are youth ages 15-24 years (Statistics South Africa, 2015).
Most Namibians think that the economy has been well managed over the years, but at the same time, they think that the government has failed in creating enough jobs and narrowing income gaps. Successive Afrobarometer surveys have shown that the Namibian economy is managed well (62% in 2012, 60% in 2008, and 76% in 2006).
Findings on poverty, inequality and unemployment from Afrobarometer Surveys in South Africa.
Unemployment, a reliable supply of electricity, and poverty are the most important problems that Nigerians want their government to address, with crime/security following in fourth place, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.
While incoming President Muhammadu Buhari must contend with immediate fuel, cash, and power crises, citizens’ expressed priorities can help inform the administration’s agenda for the next four years.