Voting and Democratic Citizenship in Africa


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Bratton, Michael (ed).

How do individual Africans view competitive elections? How do they behave at election time? What are the implications of new forms of popular participation for citizenship and democracy? Drawing on a decade of research from the cross-national Afrobarometer project, the authors of this seminal collection explore the emerging role of mass politics in Africa's fledgling democracies.

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About the author

Michael Bratton is University Distinguished Professor of political science and African studies at Michigan State University. He also serves as senior adviser to the Afrobarometer.


  • Voting and Democratic Citizenship in Africa: An Overview—M. Bratton
  • Where Do Elections Lead in Africa?—M. Bratton

Vote choice

  • Does Ethnicity Determine Support for the Governing Party?—P. Norris and R. Mattes
  • Political Competition and Ethnic Identification in Africa—B. Eifert, E. Miguel, and D. Posner
  • Voting Intentions in Africa: Ethnic, Economic, or Partisan?—M. Bratton, R. Bhavnani, and T. Chen

Vote Buying

  • Vote Buying and Electoral Turnout in Kenya—E. Kramon
  • Vote Buying and Violence in Nigerian Election Campaigns—M. Bratton
  • Museveni and the 2011 Ugandan Election: Did the Money Matter?—J. Conroy-Krutz and C. Logan

Implications for citizenship

Uncritical Citizenship: Mozambicans in Comparative Perspective—R. Mattes and C. Shenga.
How Electoral Systems Promote Public Trust: Accountability or Representation?—W. Cho.
Voters But Not Yet Citizens: The Weak Demand for Vertical Accountability—M. Bratton and C. Logan

Implications for Democracy

  • Critical Citizens and Submissive Subjects: Election Losers and Winners in Africa—D. Moehler
  • Does the Quality of Elections Affect the Consolidation of Democracy?—A. Greenberg and R. Mattes
  • Do Free Elections Foster Capable Governments?—M. Bratton


  • Voting and Democratic Citizenship in Africa: Where Next?—M. Bratton