Lived poverty drops across Africa: Ethiopian Broadcast Corporation coverage report
While adequate food and clean water remain daily challenges for millions of Africans, poverty at the household level – “lived poverty” – has declined in two-thirds of countries surveyed by Afrobarometer, newly released survey findings show.
Despite progress over the past decade, the development of infrastructure for electricity, water, sewerage, and roads remains an enormous challenge across Africa, especially in rural areas, new Afrobarometer survey data indicate. In contrast, cell phone service is approaching universal coverage.
Africans’ most urgent problem is unemployment, and their top priority for more government investment is education, according to Afrobarometer’s latest round of surveys across Africa.
Most Ugandans believe that officials receive preferential treatment under the law, a recent Afrobarometer survey in Uganda reveals.
A majority of citizens say that they – and their president – must obey the law, as well as pay taxes and abide by court decisions. But they cite significant obstacles to accessing court services, including long delays, complex processes, high costs, and difficulty in obtaining legal counsel.
Most Ugandans reject legal rights for homosexuals and express intolerance toward neighbors and associates in same-sex relationships.
- Social services constitute the most important problems government should address.
- Health and education are citizens’ top investment priorities.
- Ugandans are dissatisfied with government performance in social-service delivery, the economy, agriculture, and governance.
Social services – particularly health and education – are the most important problems that the Ugandan government should address, according to respondents in a recent nationwide Afrobarometer survey.
Substantial proportions of the population are dissatisfied with the way the government has handled health care and social-services provision, as well as the economy, agriculture, and governance issues. Less than half of Ugandans think their local government is maintaining local roads and local market places well.
Most Ugandans say corruption increased in the past year, and less than half of them think ordinary citizens can make a difference in the anti-corruption fight, according to the latest Afrobarometer survey.
The proportion of Ugandans who mention corruption as a major problem for government to solve rose from 4% in 2002 to 19% in 2015, but government response continues to be seen as inadequate. A sizeable number report having paid bribes to obtain public services.
Increasing public perceptions of institutional corruption in Uganda appear to be eroding public trust in state institutions, the latest Afrobarometer survey suggests.
Most Ugandans believe corruption increased during the past year, and public trust in Parliament, the courts, and local government decreased between 2012 and 2015. Striking exceptions are trust in the president and the police; public trust in these institutions increased.
The findings at a glance:
- Perceptions of corruption on increase since 2002
- Government anti-corruption efforts seen to be inadequate
- Majority of citizens think there is nothing ordinary people can do to fight corruption
- Institutional trust is on the increase since 2002
Graph: Perceived increase in corruption| 2015
Ugandans support multipartism as a viable political system of governance but many are not satisfied with the way multi-party politics work in Uganda, the latest Afrobarometer survey shows.
A significant proportion of Ugandans say that competition between political parties often leads to violent conflict, that the opposition political parties and their supporters are often silenced by Government, and many fear becoming victims of political intimidation or violence during election campaigns.
Media briefing event held by Afrobarometer to present research findings of Round 6 survey in Uganda on electoral reforms.
Key findings from the survey:
- 9 in 10 adult Ugandans prefer to choose leaders through regular, open and honest elections.
- Over the last decade and a half, support for elections in Uganda has averaged 88%, among the top 10 on the continent.
- Majority not satisfied with quality of elections
- Majority demand for electoral reform
1. Afrobarometer has collected data on the perceptions and attitudes of African citizens since 1999.
2. Our data are collected from nationally representative samples.
3. All respondents are randomly selected; every adult citizen has an equal chance of being selected.
4. Samples are distributed across urban/rural areas in proportion to their share of the national population.
5. We use face-to-face interviews in the language of the respondent’s choice.
Uganda Round 6 questionnaire (2015).
Uganda 2011 elections: campaign issues, voter perceptions and early voter intentions.
Uganda Round 1 data (2000)
Uganda Round 1 codebook (2000)
Uganda Round 2 data (2002)
Uganda Round 2 codebook (2002)
Uganda Round 3 codebook (2005)
Uganda Round 3 data (2005)
Uganda Round 4 survey technical information (2008)
Uganda Round 4 codebook (2008)
Uganda Round 4 data (2008)