While adequate food and clean water remain daily challenges for millions of Africans, poverty at the household level – “lived poverty” – has declined in two-thirds of countries surveyed by Afrobarometer, newly released survey findings show.
Despite progress over the past decade, the development of infrastructure for electricity, water, sewerage, and roads remains an enormous challenge across Africa, especially in rural areas, new Afrobarometer survey data indicate. In contrast, cell phone service is approaching universal coverage.
Africans’ most urgent problem is unemployment, and their top priority for more government investment is education, according to Afrobarometer’s latest round of surveys across Africa.
Swaziland was excluded from the United States Africa Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) at the beginning of 2015 and there are expectations that this will have an adverse impact on the economy and employment. Also the continued unpredictability of the revenue derived from the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) continues to be a major challenge for the government and its ability to address some of these issues.
Swaziland recently appointed an acting Chief Justice Bheki Maphalala in June 2015 after the removal of the previous head of the judiciary. The new appointee is the first Swazi to be appointed to the esteemed position and has the important task of restoring the nation’s confidence in his office and the judicial system.
Findings at a glance:
Government Performance: Half of Swazis say unemployment is the most important issue government should address. Current survey data shows this as a growing concern amongst Swazis.
Judiciary: Confidence in the judicial system low with only 26% of Swazis being confident with the Chief Justice.
Economic Conditions: Swazis are optimistic about the country’s economic conditions; 56% expect them to improve over the next 12 months.
1. Afrobarometer has collected data on the perceptions and attitudes of African citizens since 1999.
2. Our data are collected from nationally representative samples.
3. All respondents are randomly selected; every adult citizen has an equal chance of being selected.
4. Samples are distributed across urban/rural areas in proportion to their share of the national population.
5. We use face-to-face interviews in the language of the respondent’s choice.
Swaziland Round 5 codebook (2013)
Swaziland Round 5 questionnaire
Swaziland Round 6 questionnaire
ActivQuest is Afrobarometer’s national partner in Swaziland.