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World Water Day: Africans expect governments to do a better job of ensuring safe water and sanitation, survey finds

Almost half of Africans go without enough clean water for home use, and a majority have to leave their compounds in order to access water, according to new findings from Afrobarometer.

Released on World Water Day (March 22), the survey findings give voice to citizens who call on their governments to do a better job of ensuring access to water and sanitation. Public ratings of government performance in providing water and sanitation services have worsened over the past decade: A majority say their government is doing “fairly” or “very” badly.


Powerless: Lack of grid access, unreliable electricity supply still plague majority of Africans

While more Africans live within reach of an electric grid than a decade ago, only four in 10 enjoy a reliable power supply, according to new survey findings from Afrobarometer. In some countries, that proportion is four in 100.

Based on nearly 54,000 interviews in 36 African countries in 2014/2015, Afrobarometer’s report concludes that more than a century after the invention of the light bulb, a majority of Africans are still in the dark, either intermittently or constantly.


Africans tolerant on religion, ethnicity, nationality, and HIV, but not on homosexuality, Afrobarometer survey finds

Contrary to common portrayals, Africans express high degrees of tolerance for people from different ethnic groups, people of different religions, immigrants, and people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), newly released Afrobarometer survey findings show.


BP77: Le performance du Gouvernement du Mali

L'enquête Afrobaromètre de décembre 2008 a demandé à un échantillon représentatif de maliens âgés de 18 ans et plus comment ils percevaient la manière dont le Gouvernement répond à un certain nombre de préoccupations. Ce document d'information examine les données sur les perceptions des Maliens sur la performance de leur gouvernement sur plusieurs critères socio-économiques des attributs.


BP113: La crise au Mali : attitudes populaires ambivalentes sur la voie à suivre

Ce document d’information évalue les attitudes du public vis-à-vis de la démocratie et de la gouvernance au Mali à un moment difficile de l’histoire du pays. Le défi du rétablissement d’un gouvernement efficace et responsable nécessitera une direction visionnaire nationale. Mais cela ne pourra se faire sans des citoyens exigeant que le pays ne revienne sur la voie du développement politique durable. Il est donc important de s’informer sur l’opinion des Maliens sur les causes et la situation de la crise politique de leur pays – et les solutions possibles. 


PP10: Popular Perceptions of the Causes and Consequences of the Conflict in Mali

In the December 2012 Afrobarometer survey, Malians highlighted the primary causes of the serious sociopolitical crisis that their country was going through, as lack of patriotism on the part of the leaders and weakness of the State. At that time, most Malians had lost trust in the political class and in politicians. One year later (December 2013), however, a follow-up Afrobarometer survey revealed that foreign terrorists and corruption are rather the two primary causes of the Northern conflict and occupation.


10 things to know about Afrobarometer data & methodology.

1. Afrobarometer has collected data on the perceptions and attitudes of African citizens since 1999.

2. Our data are collected from nationally representative samples.

3. All respondents are randomly selected; every adult citizen has an equal chance of being selected.

4. Samples are distributed across urban/rural areas in proportion to their share of the national population.

5. We use face-to-face interviews in the language of the respondent’s choice.


Popular attitudes toward democracy in Mali: A summary of Afrobarometer indicators, 2001-2008

This document provides a summary of popular attitudes regarding the demand for and supply of democracy in Mali as revealed over the course of four Afrobarometer surveys conducted between 2001 and 2008 (Jan.-Feb. 2001, N=2089; Oct.-Nov. 2002, N=1283; June-July 2005, N=1244; Dec. 2008, N=1480). Samples of this size yield a margin of error of +/- 3 percent at a confidence level of 95 percent.

The charts that follow capture perceptions of:


WP155: On the primacy of weak public service provision in rural Africa: Malians redefine ‘state breakdown’ amidst 2012 political crisis

In 2012, Mali faced a dual state breakdown disrupting nearly 20 years of democratization – a coup and a secessionist insurgency. This paper provides the perspectives of rural Malians living on the border of state- and rebel-controlled territory. Our main finding is that villagers defined “the crisis” as one of unmet need for public services and infrastructure. State breakdown matters less where the state is not present in the first place. Rather than the state, villagers were largely reliant on local traditional authorities.


BP113: Crisis in Mali: Ambivalent popular attitudes on the way forward

This briefing paper assesses public attitudes about democracy and governance in Mali at a difficult time in the country’s history. The challenge of rebuilding an effective and accountablengovernment will require visionary national leadership. But it also will require citizens who demand that the country return to a path of sustainable political development. Hence it is important to enquire about what Malians are thinking about the causes and status of — and possible solutions to — their country’s political crisis.