Côte d'Ivoire

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Côte d'Ivoire

English

CREFDI in Côte d’Ivoire: From the wilderness to the public square

If it takes vision and courage – maybe audacity – to start out in the wilderness, it takes persistence and performance to arrive in the public square. Michel Silwé and his associates created CREFDI (the Centre de Recherche et de Formation sur le Développement Intégré) in 2006, when Côte d’Ivoire was “kind of a wilderness” where questions of transparency and good governance were rarely asked and never answered. Their goal: “A prosperous Côte d'Ivoire, with sustained and equitable development, in strict compliance with the rules and values of good governance.”

English

AD221: Despite threat to cocoa and reforestation response, only half of Ivoirians aware of climate change

As the world’s largest producer of cocoa, Côte d'Ivoire is particularly vulnerable to climate variations and unpredictable weather (Vaast, 2018). Unfavorable weather changes have already negatively impacted the quality and quantity of production (ENCA, 2015), threatening the livelihoods of smallholder farmers as well as the national economy. 

English

WP181: Do electoral systems affect how citizens hold their government accountable? Evidence from Africa

This paper asks whether a country’s choice of electoral system affects the methods citizens use to try to hold their government accountable. A large body of literature suggests that electoral system type has an impact on voting behaviour, but little work has been done on its effects on other strategies for democratic accountability, such as contacting an elected representative and protesting. Using data from 36 African countries, we find that the type of electoral system has a significant relationship with these forms of participation.

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Deputados e Vereadores raramente estão presentes com os seus constituintes

ONLY AVAILABLE IN PORTUGUESE.

A grande maioria dos cabo-verdianos acredita que os políticos (deputados da nação e vereadores) nunca ou as vezes ouvem o que as pessoas têm a dizer-lhes, de acordo com uma recente pesquisa do Afrobarómetro. Essa perceção parece ter piorado à medida que os números mostram um aumento marginal, em comparação com 2014. Esta distância entre os eleitos e seus constituintes é observada nas áreas urbanas e rurais e atinge a mesma proporção de eleitores de ambos os sexos.

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WP180: Police-citizen interaction in Africa: An exploration of factors that influence victims’ reporting of crimes

While personal insecurity in Africa is typically associated with civil wars, crime is actually a far more common threat to the continent’s citizens. Rates of homicide, sexual assault, and property crime in Africa are often far higher than global averages. Despite such threats, many Africans do not report crimes to the police.

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WP179: Electricity provision and tax mobilization in Africa

In this paper, we provide evidence on how the provision of social infrastructure such as reliable electricity can be leveraged to increase taxation in developing countries, particularly sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). First, using comprehensive data from the latest round of the Afrobarometer survey, we estimate, via the instrumental variable approach, the effect of access and reliability of electricity on tax compliance attitudes of citizens in 36 SSA countries.

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AD196: Who’s watching? Voters seen as key in holding elected officials accountable

In addition to the growing number of African states that conduct regular elections and embed democratic principles in their constitutions, evidence comes from survey-based research that most Africans support democratic values and reward governments that adhere to democratic rules (Mattes & Bratton, 2007; Bratton & Mattes, 2001). However, in many countries, citizen demand for democracy is not met by supply of democracy (Mattes & Bratton, 2016) as governments, once elected, fail to respect the norms of democratic governance (Gyimah-Boadi, 2015).

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Radio remains the most-used source of news in many African countries

Despite audience gains for television and digital media, radio is still by far the most frequent information source for Africans, a new Afrobarometer analysis suggests.

Released on the occasion of World Radio Day (13 February), the analysis is based on Afrobarometer surveys in eight African countries in 2017.

While radio still leads the pack, a previous Afrobarometer report shows television, the Internet, and social media gaining ground.

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Les Ivoiriens révèlent un sentiment d’insécurité mêlé d’un défaut de confiance: Afrobaromètre

L’actualité ivoirienne a été à plusieurs reprises marquée par des informations relatives à l’insécurité. Pour n’en citer que quelques-uns, le phénomène des « enfants en confit avec la loi » qui est apparu à la suite du conflit armé de 2011, perpétrant des vols et agressions sur la population, aussi bien que les récentes mutineries et autres évasions et attaques de commissariats sont de ces faits qui ont ponctués l’actualité.

English

La question de l’emploi, un véritable casse-tête pour les citoyens ivoiriens

Selon la plus récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre, l’emploi est le problème le plus important dont le gouvernement devrait s’occuper, mais que celui-ci adresse plutôt mal. De même, une proportion importante d’Ivoiriens n’ont pas d’emploi à plein temps, mais n’en recherchent pas pour autant.

Par ailleurs, le secteur de l’agroforesterie emploie le plus grand nombre d’Ivoiriens, mais reste celui où la pauvreté vécue est la plus importante.

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PP43: Tax compliance Africans affirm civic duty but lack trust in tax department

In any economy, balancing expenditures, revenues, and debts is a delicate and often politicized task. Competing interests and priorities buffet those tasked with planning a viable and stable national budget. For any state, taxes raised from individuals and businesses are a central plinth supporting the provision of services, the maintenance of infrastructure, the employment of civil servants, and the smooth functioning of the state. 

English

WP176: The autocratic trust bias: Politically sensitive survey items and self-censorship

Because of a perceived risk of repressive action, some survey questions are likely sensitive in more autocratic countries while less so in more democratic countries. Yet survey data on potentially sensitive topics are frequently used in comparative research despite concerns about comparability.

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AD167: Majority of Ivoirians rate government anti-corruption efforts as inadequate, fear retaliation if they report bribery

ONLY AVAILABLE IN FRENCH.

En Côte d’Ivoire comme dans nombre de pays, la question de la lutte contre la corruption est centrale tant son effet négatif n’est plus à démontrer. La création en 2013 de la Haute Autorité pour la Bonne Gouvernance, en tant qu’organe de prévention et de lutte contre la corruption, semblait marquer une réelle volonté politique des autorités à contrer ce fléau. Cependant, force est de constater que pour les Ivoiriens, la corruption a encore de beaux jours devant elle.

English

Geocoded data

Subnationally geocoded Afrobarometer data

Analyze the priorities, preferences, experiences, and opinions of more than 200,000 African citizens in 28,000 localities.

In partnership with:

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Conditions de vie économiques, corruption, et accès à l’information

Résumé

Conditions de vie économiques: La hausse de la pauvreté vécue trahit la confiance des Ivoiriens dans la situation économique de façon globale.

Lutte contre la corruption: Les Ivoiriens estiment que le gouvernement répond mal au fléau de la corruption et que signaler des actes de corruption risque de créer des représailles.

Accès à l’information: Perte de vitesse des médias traditionnels comme source d’information par les citoyens ainsi que du raccordement des domiciles à l’électricité.

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Moins de recherche d’emploi, plus d’entreprenariat en Côte d’Ivoire?

ONLY AVAILABLE IN FRENCH.

Selon la plus récente enquête Afrobaromètre en Côte d’Ivoire, les Ivoiriens recherchent de moins en moins un emploi. 

D’après l’enquête menée en 2017, la proportion des Ivoiriens qui ont un emploi (à temps partiel ou plein) a baissé comparativement à 2014, de 28% à 24%, alors que celle des Ivoiriens qui n’ont pas d’emploi et n’en recherchent pas est en hausse.

Pour ce qui est du type d’employeur, la proportion des travailleurs indépendants est en augmentation.

English

Access to justice still elusive for many Africans, Afrobarometer survey finds

In most African countries, substantial barriers still inhibit citizens’ access to justice, a new Afrobarometer analysis finds. 

Based on a special access-to-justice module in national surveys in 36 African countries, the sobering report identifies long delays, high costs, corruption, the complexity of legal processes, and a lack of legal counsel as major obstacles for citizens seeking legal remedies.

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How good are Africa's elections? Afrobarometer video.

Video transcript:

Dozens of African countries regularly conduct national and local elections.

Each election picks a winner.

But beyond winners and losers, the quality of each election also shapes how people feel about their political system in general.

Free and fair elections make people want more democracy.

Elections tainted by repression, fraud, or violence have the opposite effect.

So how good are Africa’s elections?

Afrobarometer surveyed  more than 53,000 citizens in 36 countries, in every region of Africa.

English

Do Africans still want democracy? Afrobarometer findings warn of democratic recession, point to long-term gains

A decade-long upward trend in African citizens’ demand for democracy has ended with a downward turn since 2012, according to a new Afrobarometer analysis.
But despite warning signs of a democratic recession, public demand for democracy remains higher than a decade ago, and most Africans still say they want more democracy than they’re actually getting – a good basis for future democratic gains.

One important factor: the quality of elections. African countries with high-quality elections are more likely to show increases in popular demand for democracy.

English

World Development Information Day: China’s growing presence in Africa wins positive popular reviews (Afrobarometer findings)

Key findings

  • On average across 36 African countries, China is the second-most-popular model for national development (cited by 24% of respondents), trailing only the United States of America (30%). About one in 10 respondents prefer their former colonial power (13%) or South Africa (11%) as a model.
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Job performance of MPs, local councillors: Are representatives serving Africa’s voters or themselves? (Afrobarometer findings)

Key findings

  • Across 36 African countries, fewer than half of respondents say they trust their MPs (48%) and local councillors (46%) “somewhat” or “a lot.” Among 12 public institutions and leaders, MPs and local councillors rank eighth and ninth in public trust.
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Trustworthy institutions play vital role in Africa’s development, new Afrobarometer findings suggest

Key findings

  • Across 36 countries in 2014/2015, Africans express more trust in informal institutions such as religious and traditional leaders (72% and 61% respectively) than in the formal executive agencies of the state (on average 54%).
  • That said, people find certain executive agencies, such as the national army and the state presidency, to be quite trustworthy (64% and 57% respectively), especially when compared with legislative and electoral institutions (47% and 44% respectively).
English

Youth Day: Does less engaged mean less empowered? Political engagement lags among Africa’s youth

Political and civic engagement by African youth is declining and is particularly weak among young women, according to new Afrobarometer survey findings.

The findings, which are being released on International Youth Day 2016 (August 12), show African youth are less likely than their elders to engage in a variety of political and civic activities, including voting, attending community meetings, joining others to raise an issue, and contacting leaders. Young women express significantly less interest in public affairs than young men.

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World Press Freedom Day: Strong public support for ‘watchdog’ role backs African news media under attack

Amid growing concerns about government restrictions on media freedom, Africans overwhelmingly support an independent media that holds government accountable, according to new survey findings from Afrobarometer.

The findings, which are being released on World Press Freedom Day (May 3), show that a majority of African citizens support the media’s “watchdog” role, see the media as effective in revealing government mistakes and corruption, and affirm that journalists “rarely” or “never” abuse their freedom by publishing lies.

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