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World Press Freedom Day: Strong public support for ‘watchdog’ role backs African news media under attack

Amid growing concerns about government restrictions on media freedom, Africans overwhelmingly support an independent media that holds government accountable, according to new survey findings from Afrobarometer.

The findings, which are being released on World Press Freedom Day (May 3), show that a majority of African citizens support the media’s “watchdog” role, see the media as effective in revealing government mistakes and corruption, and affirm that journalists “rarely” or “never” abuse their freedom by publishing lies.

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Reportage Afrobaromètre Ireep, 2016, 01 mars avril sur l'électricité

Les coupures d’électricité rotatives peuvent défrayer la chronique; l’absence complète d'infrastructures électriques pas souvent. Tous ces deux phénomènes découlent du déficit en énergie électrique de l'Afrique, un obstacle important au développement humain et socio-économique avec des effets pernicieux sur la santé (imaginez des cliniques sans équipement de survie et sans médicaments et vaccins réfrigérés), l'éducation, la sécurité, et la croissance des entreprises.

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World Health Day: Despite gains, barriers keep health care high on Africans’ priority list (Afrobarometer survey)

Almost half of Africans go without needed health care, and one in seven have to pay bribes to obtain needed care, according to new findings from Afrobarometer.

Released on World Health Day (April 7), the survey findings show that citizens across 36 African countries rank health care as their second-most-important national problem and priority for additional government investment. Public ratings of government performance in improving basic health services have worsened over the past decade: Almost half of Africans say their government is doing “fairly” or “very” badly.

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World Water Day: Africans expect governments to do a better job of ensuring safe water and sanitation, survey finds

Almost half of Africans go without enough clean water for home use, and a majority have to leave their compounds in order to access water, according to new findings from Afrobarometer.

Released on World Water Day (March 22), the survey findings give voice to citizens who call on their governments to do a better job of ensuring access to water and sanitation. Public ratings of government performance in providing water and sanitation services have worsened over the past decade: A majority say their government is doing “fairly” or “very” badly.

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Powerless: Lack of grid access, unreliable electricity supply still plague majority of Africans

While more Africans live within reach of an electric grid than a decade ago, only four in 10 enjoy a reliable power supply, according to new survey findings from Afrobarometer. In some countries, that proportion is four in 100.

Based on nearly 54,000 interviews in 36 African countries in 2014/2015, Afrobarometer’s report concludes that more than a century after the invention of the light bulb, a majority of Africans are still in the dark, either intermittently or constantly.

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Africans tolerant on religion, ethnicity, nationality, and HIV, but not on homosexuality, Afrobarometer survey finds

Contrary to common portrayals, Africans express high degrees of tolerance for people from different ethnic groups, people of different religions, immigrants, and people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA), newly released Afrobarometer survey findings show.

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Escalating crisis belies Burundians’ strong support for democracy

In contrast to the violent turmoil racking their country, Burundians are largely united in their support for democracy and fair elections and their rejection of authoritarian alternatives, according to the most recent Afrobarometer survey in September-October 2014.

In particular, Burundians value democracy as the protection of civil liberties and personal freedom and as peace, unity, and power-sharing – all of which are threatened by the country’s current political crisis.

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AD68: Escalating political crisis belies Burundians’ strong support for democracy

Burundi is in the midst of a violent political crisis sparked when President Pierre Nkurunziza decided to seek, and then claimed, a controversial third term. Hundreds have been killed and more than 200,000 have fled (Office of the UNHCR, 2015) since Nkurunziza’s decision in April 2015 to ignore term-limit provisions of the Arusha peace agreement and the Burundian Constitution, as well as strong criticism from civil society and the international community.

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Les Burundais soutiennent la démocratie, mais il y a une forte défiance vis-à-vis des dirigeants politiques

Les Burundais expriment un fort soutien à la démocratie, mais leur niveau de confiance dans les dirigeants est faible, selon une récente enquête d’Afrobaromètre.

Ils sont globalement satisfaits du fonctionnement de la démocratie au Burundi et soutiennent à 85% que le choix des dirigeants doit se faire à travers des élections libres et honnêtes. Malgré le risque de division et de confusion auquel expose la compétition entre plusieurs partis, les trois quarts soutiennent que les partis politiques sont nécessaires pour garantir un bon choix des dirigeants.

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Le CNDD-FDD sort favori des intentions de vote

Une majorité de Burundais voteraient pour un candidat présidentiel issue du CNDD-FDD, selon une enquête d’Afrobaromètre menée en septembre et
octobre 2014.

Questionnés sur leur préférence si les élections présidentielles étaient organisées le lendemain de l’entretien, 56% des Burundais ont dit que leur
choix se porterait sur un candidat issu du CNDD-FDD. Cependant, l’expression sur l’appartenance politique se fait avec beaucoup de réticences, car 24% des répondants n’ont pas voulu s’exprimer là-dessus.

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Soutien du public à une presse forte et libre et inquiétudes autour de la liberté d’expression et du traitement égal devant la loi

Les résultats de l’enquête Afrobaromètre montrent que la grande majorité des Burundais pense que les médias jouent pleinement leur rôle de contre-pouvoir, en enquêtant et en publiant sur les erreurs du gouvernement et sur les cas de corruption. Ils sont un peu moins nombreux à penser que la presse joue efficacement son rôle. Il y a un souhait qui se manifeste d’avoir une presse beaucoup plus efficace et plus entreprenante.

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10 things to know about Afrobarometer data & methodology.

1. Afrobarometer has collected data on the perceptions and attitudes of African citizens since 1999.

2. Our data are collected from nationally representative samples.

3. All respondents are randomly selected; every adult citizen has an equal chance of being selected.

4. Samples are distributed across urban/rural areas in proportion to their share of the national population.

5. We use face-to-face interviews in the language of the respondent’s choice.

Undefined

Majority of Burundians support presidential term limits

Six of 10 Burundians (62%) support limiting presidential terms to two – a remarkable evolution of public opinion between 2012 and 2014.

In 2012, only 51% of Burundian citizens supported presidential term limits. The larger new majority may indicate that as the country approaches elections, and in response to public debate on the issue, the number of people opposed to a third presidential term is increasing.

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Groupe de Recherche et d’Appui aux Initiatives Democratiques (GRADIS).

About us

Established in 2002, GRADIS’ main objective is to provide a common framework for research, analysis and action to develop citizen participation through developing community life in Burundi. GRADIS was approved by Ministerial Order No. 530/836.

Since our beginning, we’ve conducted15 research and studies in fields such as governance, anti-corruption, security sector reform, gender and human rights. We regularly produce contextual political analysis.

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